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  (XI) Obj. ID: 11036 Shomer HaBrit ,Shomer HaBrit (the covenant keeper; see: Remarks: no. 1), Tunis, 20th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Shomer HaBrit | Unknown
3a Object Circumcision shield
3b Object Detail Shomer HaBrit (the covenant keeper; see: Remarks: no. 1)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Tunisia | Tunis
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian
|
9 Collection Israel | Sc_082
| 18
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 04.85
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 43-42
19 Remarks
20 Description

The circumcision shield is a rounded oval plate, with a central slit. Its front face is decorated with a dedicatory inscription engraved in square Hebrew letters, and reads:

"שומר הברית (נחמיה ט:לב)/ ע"ה (עבד ה')/ מכלוף אלבז/ ס"ט/ זאת בריתי אשר/ תשמרו ביני וביניכם// ובין זרעך אחריך/ המול לכם כל זכר (בראשית י"ז:י)."

"'Who keepest the covenant' (based on Neh. 9:32). Servant of the Lord, Makhluf Elbaz, may he ends well. 'This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; every man child among you shall be circumcised (Gen. 17:10)." 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut
25b Material Decoration engraved
25c Material Bonding none
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 720 mm
26c Width 340 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Shomer HaBrit, namely the Covenant Keeper (based on Neh. 9:32), is the name attributed to the prophet Elijah, who according to tradition should attend each and every circumcision ceremony (Pirkei De'Rabbi Eliezer, 28). However, the title inscribed on Elbaz shield bears a double meaning and it also refers to the function of the shield during the ceremony. The shields are used to protect the baby's glans during the removal of the foreskin. Thus, the Circumcision Keeper is used not only as a title for Elijah, but also literally: the protector. As for their shape see, Circumcision shield, Sc.82(PC)-18). 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Berger, Natalia. "Instruments for Circumcision-Ritual Objects or Surgical Tools?." In Rimonim (5, 1997). Ed. Sabar, Shalom, 29-42. Jerusalem: Society for Jewish Art. In Hebrew.
• Eudel, Paul. Dictionnaire des Bijoux de l'Afrique du Nord. Ernest Leroux, Éditeur, 1906. In French.
• Sabar, Shalom. "Pregnancy, Childbirth and Early Childhood." In The Life Cycle. Ed. Sabar Shalom, 14-91. Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institue for Study of Jewish Communities in the East, 2006. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11036
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Yemima Leben 04.85 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 10.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (2 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 104756 Shomer HaBrit , , Tunis, 20th century edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 104756 Shomer HaBrit , , Tunis, 20th century edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Shomer HaBrit | Unknown
3a Object Circumcision shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Tunisia | Tunis
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian
|
9 Collection Israel | Sc_082
| 18
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 04.85
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S046373
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut
25b Material Decoration engraved
25c Material Bonding none
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 720 mm
26c Width 340 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Shomer HaBrit, namely the Covenant Keeper (based on Neh. 9:32), is the name attributed to the prophet Elijah, who according to tradition should attend each and every circumcision ceremony (Pirkei De'Rabbi Eliezer, 28). However, the title inscribed on Elbaz shield bears a double meaning and it also refers to the function of the shield during the ceremony. The shields are used to protect the baby's glans during the removal of the foreskin. Thus, the Circumcision Keeper is used not only as a title for Elijah, but also literally: the protector. As for their shape see, Circumcision shield, Sc.82(PC)-18). 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Berger, Natalia. "Instruments for Circumcision-Ritual Objects or Surgical Tools?." In Rimonim (5, 1997). Ed. Sabar, Shalom, 29-42. Jerusalem: Society for Jewish Art. In Hebrew.
• Eudel, Paul. Dictionnaire des Bijoux de l'Afrique du Nord. Ernest Leroux, Éditeur, 1906. In French.
• Sabar, Shalom. "Pregnancy, Childbirth and Early Childhood." In The Life Cycle. Ed. Sabar Shalom, 14-91. Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institue for Study of Jewish Communities in the East, 2006. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
104756
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Yemima Leben 04.85 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 10.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 104757 Shomer HaBrit , Field documentation, Tunis, 20th century edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 104757 Shomer HaBrit , Field documentation, Tunis, 20th century edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Shomer HaBrit | Unknown
3a Object Circumcision shield
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Tunisia | Tunis
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian
|
9 Collection Israel | Sc_082
| 18
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 43-41
19a Scan No. S110792
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure cut
25b Material Decoration engraved
25c Material Bonding none
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 720 mm
26c Width 340 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Shomer HaBrit, namely the Covenant Keeper (based on Neh. 9:32), is the name attributed to the prophet Elijah, who according to tradition should attend each and every circumcision ceremony (Pirkei De'Rabbi Eliezer, 28). However, the title inscribed on Elbaz shield bears a double meaning and it also refers to the function of the shield during the ceremony. The shields are used to protect the baby's glans during the removal of the foreskin. Thus, the Circumcision Keeper is used not only as a title for Elijah, but also literally: the protector. As for their shape see, Circumcision shield, Sc.82(PC)-18). 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Berger, Natalia. "Instruments for Circumcision-Ritual Objects or Surgical Tools?." In Rimonim (5, 1997). Ed. Sabar, Shalom, 29-42. Jerusalem: Society for Jewish Art. In Hebrew.
• Eudel, Paul. Dictionnaire des Bijoux de l'Afrique du Nord. Ernest Leroux, Éditeur, 1906. In French.
• Sabar, Shalom. "Pregnancy, Childbirth and Early Childhood." In The Life Cycle. Ed. Sabar Shalom, 14-91. Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institue for Study of Jewish Communities in the East, 2006. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
104757
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Yemima Leben 04.85 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 10.11 54a
55 Donor 55a