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(VII) Img. ID: 970 Hammat Gader Synagogue, , Unknown, 5th century CE (?) edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hammat Gader Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Apse
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 5th century CE (?)
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 078104
20 Description The synagogue is based on a basilica plan and is oriented towards Jerusalem. The hall of the building is approximately square in shape, measuring 13m x 13.5m. It is divided by two rows of four columns, into a nave (7.80m wide), and two aisles (eastern aisle: 3m wide, western aisle: 2.4m wide). A transverse aisle (1.8m wide) is separated from the nave by two columns and two pillars which are "L" shaped in the corners ?? The columns have no bases, and do not stand on a stylobate. Instead they are sunken? into sockets? which are below floor-level. A raised platform (bima/bema?), measuring 4.55m in length and 1.2m in width, is situated at the center of the southern wall, facing Jerusalem. Two steps lead up to the center of the bima and marble screens once stood on either side of the steps. Remains of posts and panels of the chancel were found in the floor of the bima. The bima leads ?? to the apse which is sunken 1.18m below the level of the bima. Remains of benches line the southern and eastern walls of the hall. The floor of the nave and aisles is paved with mosaics. There are several rooms attached to the hall on the eastern side and there is a narrow court on the southern and western (??unclear).... The main entrance to the synagogue was (is??) in the south-eastern corner of the entire complex in the eastern wall. There, one entered a narrow forecourt which became even narrower within. A bench lined the right side of this forecourt. The forecourt led into a vestibule which was broader on the western side. Thick pillars on either side of the entrances to the forecourt and vestibule apparently served to support arches. Three steps on the right of the western side of the vestibule, lead (led?) into the basilica at its south-eastern corner. The forecourt and vestibule also served as an approach to the annex which consists of four rooms. Two of the rooms adjoin the eastern wall of and the other two lie to their east. The two pairs of rooms are separated by a narrow ???, which runs north and south. Of the two chambers adjoining the basilica, only the larger southern one which is paved with slab stone, "communicates" ? directly with the basilica. A broad bench lines the inner eastern wall of this chamber and a narrow bench lines its inner southern and western walls. The chamber also communicates directly with the vestibule of the synagogue, a narrow court and the smaller northern chamber. The latter has no direct "communication"? with the basilica but has another entrance from the narrow court. The southern and western sides of the basilica were bordered/lined?? by yet another narrow court. This was approached by a door in the middle of the western side of the synagogue and by another on the southern side, to the west of the apse.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
078104
45 Temp: Batch Number
078 | 104
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
970
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a