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(VII) Img. ID: 944 Gaza Synagogue, , Gaza, 508-509 CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Gaza Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 508-509 CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Gaza
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject David as musician |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 072119
20 Description The depiction of King David is located in the western end of the synagogue's nave. David is depicted sitting on a throne, wearing a cloak and a crown; his head is encircled by a halo. He holds a lyre on his lap. With one hand he plucks the strings; in the other he holds a plectrum. To his right is an identifying inscription: דויד David## On the panel's right side are three animals: a lioness, bowing her head; a gazelle; a serpent.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The tesserae are made of limestone, marble and clay.. They are laid in curved lines within the figures and in straight parallel lines in the background.
Their outline consists of one line of black tesserae and they are surrounded one to three lines of background tesserae.
The average number of tesserae in 10cm2 is (10x10). The highest density is found in David's hand: (14x16). The lowest density is found in the background: (8x10).
Different hues of yellow and red are used, aside from the various hues of black and white.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
King David is portrayed as Orpheus, playing the lyre. The animals accompanying him are listening to his music. David's clothing and crown are those of a Byzantine emperor. The plectrum is an implement for striking.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
A large part of the mosaic is destroyed. This includes most of the bottom area, David's head, his left hand, parts of his clothes and lyre,
most of the snake's body, the lioness' hind part and most of the gazelle's body.
David's head, his left hand and parts of the lyre were reconstructed.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, "Ancient Synagogue," BIES 30 (1966), pp. 221-3.
Barasch, "David", Assaph 1 (1980), pp.1-41.
Kerstenbaum-Green, "David", IMJ XI (1993), pp. 65-72.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
072119
45 Temp: Batch Number
072 | 119
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0012805
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
944
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.600.
:MED : Mosaic
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 2.1986, T.N. 7.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a