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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: H.U.,
The synagogue consists of a rectangular building.A set of steps extending the full width of the building led up to the entrance platform. There are three entrances in the synagogue's facade,the central entrance is larger than lateral entrancs. The main hall of the synagogue is divided by three rows of twelve columns, one on either side (east,west) and one in the back (north) creating three aisles surrounding a central nave. three benches runing along the east,west and north walls.the south and east walls were decorated with pilasters standing on pedestals and crowening by semi diagonal Ionic capitals.
Name/Title
Korazin Synagogue | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Settings
Unknown
Date
4th-5th Century CE
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Basalt ashlars without mortar between the stones.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
South-North.
Panel Measurements
Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
chorazin has generally been identified as the site of Khirbet Karaze in the foothills raising above the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee.Corazin have been mentioned in the New Testament (Matthew 11:21, Luke 10:13) as one of the Galilian towns condemned because they did not repent.In the rabbanic sources Chorazin was identified as one of the many "medium site town" in Palestine (Tosefta Makot 3:8).Chorazin is mentioned in the Talmud in connection with the 'omer',(the first harvest offering):the 'omer' would have been brought to the temple from Chorazin (Babylonian Talmud,Menahot 85a). Eusebius,writing at the end of the forth century tell us that Chorazin is a destroyed village apparently in fulfillment of the prediction of the gospels. The site was first identified with ancient Corazin by C.W.M.Van Venlde a dutch officer who traveled in Palestine in the middle of the nintinth cetury. Two German scolars,Heinrich K. and Carl Watzinger (1905),Who were surveying the Galile looking for ancient synagogues,identified the remains of the ancient synagogue of Corazin.N. Makhouly and J. Ory (1926),then inspectors of the Department of Antiquities of the mandatory goverment of Palestine cleared the synagogue and removed a later building erected on its northern corner.They olso collected the many decorated architectural fragments scattered about the site.Yeivin Z. and his expedition from the Department of Antiquities began the excavation in 1962-1965.They excavated the central part of the town:the synagogue two domestic complexes (A,B),and a public building (C), and a Mikveh. This expedition worked at Chorazin seven years from 1980-1986 for sevral months each year. Some reconstruction of the site were done in 1980 on the behalf of the Israel National Park Authority. The synagogue according the numismatic findes discovered below the stone floor pavement built in the beginning of the forth century.In the second half of the forth century the synagogue was partly destroyed in an earthquake.The synagogue reconstructed again at the end of the forth or et the begining of the fifth century.The plaster floor belong to this phase.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Yeivin Z.,"Chorazin synagogue" The Land of Naphtali (Hirshberg ed), Jerusalem 1968,pp.135-138 (Hebrew). Yeivin Z.,"The excavation at Chorazin 1962-1964",Erez-Israel 12,1973 pp.144-157 (Hebrew). Yeivin Z.,"The Chorazin synagogue a proposal for the reconstruction of the interior southern wall",Erez Israel 18,1988 pp.268-276 (Hebrew). Yeivin Z.,"Ancient Chorazin come back to life" BAR 13,1987 pp.22-36.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
| R.B.A. 1992
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
071037