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(VII) Img. ID: 919 Korazin Synagogue, , Korazin, 4th-5th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Korazin Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 4th-5th Century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Korazin
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Korazin
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer H.U.
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 071037
20 Description The synagogue consists of a rectangular building.A set of steps extending the full width of the building led up to the entrance platform. There are three entrances in the synagogue's facade,the central entrance is larger than lateral entrancs. The main hall of the synagogue is divided by three rows of twelve columns, one on either side (east,west) and one in the back (north) creating three aisles surrounding a central nave. three benches runing along the east,west and north walls.the south and east walls were decorated with pilasters standing on pedestals and crowening by semi diagonal Ionic capitals.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Basalt ashlars without mortar between the stones.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis South-North.
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
chorazin has generally been identified as the site of Khirbet Karaze in the foothills raising above the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee.Corazin have been mentioned in the New Testament (Matthew 11:21,
Luke 10:13) as one of the Galilian towns condemned because they did not repent.In the rabbanic sources Chorazin was identified as one of the many "medium site town" in Palestine (Tosefta Makot 3:8).Chorazin
is mentioned in the Talmud in connection with the 'omer',(the first harvest offering):the 'omer' would have been brought to the temple from Chorazin (Babylonian Talmud,Menahot 85a).
Eusebius,writing at the end of the forth century tell us that Chorazin is a destroyed village apparently in fulfillment of the prediction of the gospels.
The site was first identified with ancient Corazin by C.W.M.Van Venlde a dutch officer who traveled in Palestine in the middle of the nintinth cetury.
Two German scolars,Heinrich K. and Carl Watzinger (1905),Who were surveying the Galile looking for ancient synagogues,identified the remains of the ancient synagogue of Corazin.N. Makhouly and J.
Ory (1926),then inspectors of the Department of Antiquities of the mandatory goverment of Palestine cleared the synagogue and removed a later
building erected on its northern corner.They olso collected the many decorated architectural fragments scattered about the site.Yeivin Z. and his expedition from the Department of Antiquities began the
excavation in 1962-1965.They excavated the central part of the town:the synagogue two domestic complexes (A,B),and a public building (C), and a Mikveh.
This expedition worked at Chorazin seven years from 1980-1986 for sevral months each year.
Some reconstruction of the site were done in 1980 on the behalf of the Israel National Park Authority.
The synagogue according the numismatic findes discovered below the stone floor pavement built in the beginning of the forth century.In the second half of the forth century
the synagogue was partly destroyed in an earthquake.The synagogue
reconstructed again at the end of the forth or et the begining of the fifth century.The plaster floor belong to this phase.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Yeivin Z.,"Chorazin synagogue" The Land of Naphtali (Hirshberg ed), Jerusalem 1968,pp.135-138 (Hebrew). Yeivin Z.,"The excavation at Chorazin 1962-1964",Erez-Israel 12,1973 pp.144-157 (Hebrew). Yeivin Z.,"The Chorazin synagogue a proposal for the reconstruction of the interior southern wall",Erez Israel 18,1988 pp.268-276 (Hebrew). Yeivin Z.,"Ancient Chorazin come back to life" BAR 13,1987 pp.22-36.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
071037
45 Temp: Batch Number
071 | 037
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007325
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
919
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.B.A. 1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a