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(VII) Img. ID: 787 Second Nuremberg Haggadah, fol. 21, Franconia, 1470-1480 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Second Nuremberg Haggadah | Unknown
3a Object Passover Haggadah
3b Object Detail fol. 21
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1470-1480
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Gothic
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland | London | David Sofer Collection
| (formerly Jerusalem, Schocken Library, 24087)
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Display the matzah
Israelites crossing the Red Sea
Initial word, decorative
Foliate scrolls |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 21:

The initial word  "מצה" (Mazah- "This Unleavened Bread, which we eat") is depicted at the top of the page. The gold and blue, large square letters are inhabited with grotesques and flowers and adorned with scrolls painted in ink. To the left a bearded man is standing, wearing a large hat. He is holding in his left hand a round Mazah, while pointing with his right elongated index finger, to the initial word.

Fols. 20v-21:

The Israelites crossing the Red Sea and pursued by the Egyptians (Ex. 14: 5-31) illustrate the facing pages (fols. 20v and 21) in their outer boarders, framing the text. Beginning with folio 21, in the lower and outer left margins, the Israelites are crossing the Red Sea. Moses is lifting his golden rod and leading the Israelites to pass through the midst of waters, in several paths. Inscribed above Moses:

"לחרבה בקע משה המים וינער כל מצרים."

"Moses cleaved the water and made it dry land (Ex. 14:21), and overthrew all the Egyptians (Ex. 14:27)."

Above the Israelites:

"כל ישראל עוברים בין הגזרים."

"All the Israelites pass between the pieces" (divided sea; based on Gen. 15:17; Ps. 136:13; Mechilta DeRabbi Yishmael, Jethro, 9).

To the left is a gold winged angel on top of a pillar of water (possibly a pillar of light), who led the Israelites (Ex. 13:21; Ex. 14:19), inscribed:

"נורא תהילה האיר לישראל הלילה."

"Awesome in praise (God), gave light to the Israelites by night."

The Israelites in the back of the procession are pointing towards the army, while in the rear is another winged angel, who moved to the back in order to protect them from the Egyptians pursuing them (Ex. 14:19). Inscribed above the angel:

"ויסע מלאך אלהים מפניהם ויסע עמוד ענן מאחריהם."

"The angel of God who went before them (removed and went behind them) and the pillar of cloud went behind them" (Ex. 14:19).

The Egyptian army is pursuing the Israelites in the lower and outer margins (fol. 20v). Crowned Pharaoh is wearing full armor, riding a white horse and leading the army towards the left (fol. 21). Inscribed above him:

"שנאה קלקל (!) השורה פרעה רוכב ראשון במהרה."

"Hatred disturbed the natural order (Gen. Rabbah (Vilna), 55:11) Pharaoh rides quickly at the head."

A group of armed equestrians with spears and banners follows him. Inscribed above:

"אחרי ישראל רדף פרעה וכל חילו הרכבים ושלישי' על כולו."

"Pharaoh and all his army pursued the Israelites, the charioteers and captains all of them" (Ex.14:7).

Inscribed on the right:

"ויהם יי' מחנה מצרים ויביאם תוך המים."

"The Lord troubled the Egyptian hosts (Ex.14:24) and brought them into the water."

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
003051
45 Temp: Batch Number
003 | 051
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
787
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a