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Img. ID: 7564

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 7.1992
The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms. The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of a circumferal band topped by a row of dots which is surmounted by flowers and leaves The band bears six cartouches which are read in a clockwise order. Three of the cartouches depict animals and they alternate with three bearing an inscription. The animals depicted are: a deer, a double headed eagle and a lion. The inscription is written in square filled letters and it reads: "כתר תורה##כתר כהונה## כתר מלכות" "The crown of the Law, the crown of Priesthood, the crown of Kingship" (Mishnah Avot 4:13). Foliate scrolls fill the space between the cartouches.## Six arms that widen in the center are attached to the base between the surmounting flowers. Each arm has a ram's head at the bottom and is decorated with a foliate scroll. The arms are joined together by a smooth concave unit. A spread winged bird perched on a cut globe is located at the top of each arm. Between each arm a flower surrounded by leaves and a bell is hanged from the concave unit. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions emerge from a concave unit with wavy edges and support the crest. The crown shape crest surmounts a concave base. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third levels. The apex is a spread winged bird perched on a floral circlet holding a bell in its beak.
Name/Title
Torah crown | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Hallmark
Settings
Unknown
Date
1882-1892
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Silver, gilded silver## Structure: hammered, cast, raised## Decoration: repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed ## Bonding: screwed, soldered, nailed ## Inscription: engraved ##
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
435mm
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
235mm
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Three hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts the archangel Michael within a cut corners rectangle. This is the city hallmark of Kiev between the years 1892 - 1896.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.165, no. 577.
2. The hallmark depicts Cyrillic initials: "Ja.N" (in Lat.) above the date 1882, within a rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assay that was active in 1887.
Cf. Postnikova Losseva, p.165, no. 583.## 3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c.## Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
The date on the assay hallmark precedes the date on the city hallmark. This problem must be checked. Similar Torah crowns are are found in the collection all from Kiev or Zhitomir. see I.J.A. 9697, I.J.A. 10179, I.J.A.8691.
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
The Kiev collection.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
| A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.