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(VII) Img. ID: 7516 Torah shield from Breslau, , Germany, 1762, 1773 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document

2 Name/Title Torah shield from Breslau | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Kahlert, George (silversmith, 1732-1772) (Unknown)
5 Date 1762, 1773
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 26
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Poland | Mazowieckie Voivodeship | Warsaw (Warszawa) | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tablets of the Law
Moses and Aaron
Crowns, the Four (listed according to Misnah, Avot 4:13)
Priestly Blessing
Vase |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The Torah shield is rectangular and terminates with an arch. It consists of a plate and the decoration is arranged simmetricaly on both sides of a central axis. In the center it depicts the Tablets of the Covenant inscribed with the beginning of the commandments, five on each side.

The tables are flanked by the figurs of Aaron on right and of Moses on left (9614). The hands of the Priestly Benediction surmounted by a crown, mounte over the tables. Two foliate branches flank the hands, like a wreath.

Three protruding crowns are placed on the upper part of the shield. They are identical in pattern but the central crown is bigger and higher. Each crown hides a pattern of a conch that emerges from scrolls motife. Below the central crown is inscribed: "יהוה" "The Lord".

At the sides of the shield are two twisted columns supported by square bases and mounted by a capital of Akanthos leaves above which is a vase. A pattern of conch is hidden below the vases.

In the lower part of the shild are three cartouches that bear a dedicatory inscriptions in square fieled letters. Inscribed in six lines in the central and larger cartouche it is read: "ממונים אמונים על משמר##הבית מקדש מעט האלופי')ים(##הגבאי')ים( דבה"כ )דבית הכנסת( פה ברעסל)או( ה')אדון( ליפמן ב"ר מ'## וה')אדון( מיכאל ס' וה')אדון(ישראל מל' אשר הותירו במשמרתם" לקנות כלי הקדש הזה לפרט ויצף אתם זהב##לפק"" "Fathful in charge of the watch over the littl sanctuary, the Alufim, the Gabbaim of the synagogue here Breslau: Mr. Lifman son of Rabbi M. and Mr. Michael S. and Mr. Israel Ml., which left in their watch to buy this holy vessel, the year: 'and he overlaid them with gold' (1773)". (The last sentence is based on Kings I. chapter 6, which depicts the building of the first temple.)

The two elliptic smaller cartouches on eache side of the central inscription bear another inscription. Start on the right cartouche it is read: "לפרט ##וישב##יעקב##בארץ##מגורי##אביו##לפק" "The year: 'And Jacob dwelt in the land where his father lived' (1762)".

The shield is surrounded by two frames. The inner has a beaded pattern and the exterior frame has foliate pattern.

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
059 | 089
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : Sc.8665
MED : Metal
HS : Four halmarks are stamped on the lower part of the front.## 1. The hallmark depicts a bearded man's face surrounded by a frame of three circles. This is a city hallmark for Breslau between 1761-1778.## C.f. Hintze (Silver), no. 20. 2. The hallmark depicts the letter: G , within a round frame. This is a Year hallmark for Brslau between 1761-1776.## C.f. R3, v.1, p.282, no. 1384. 3. The hallmark depict the initials: G'K, within a rectangular (cut-angles) frame. This is the artist hallmark of George Kahlert who was active between 1732-1772. C.f. Hintze (Silver), no. 148## 4. The hallmark depicts unclear initials and it is unidentified.
NNO : 576-19,31,32, 33 (hallmark 576-34,35)
MH : 36cm
MW : 30cm
MAT : Silver partly gilt##Structur: cut##Decoration: repousse, punched, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
RG : R.S. (M.T.) 8.9.92
AQ : The object was donated by the Joint in 1950

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a