Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 748 Na'aran Synagogue, , Na'aran, 6th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th Century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Na'aran
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sanctuary Implements
Inscription |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 198?
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 699-26 699-27 699-28 699-29 (BW)
19a Scan No. 063066
20 Description 1. דכ 2. דיר לטב מרות] [טינה ויעק]ב[ 3. ברה דהנון מתחזקין בת]קון[ אתרה 4. ]חול[קהון בהדן אתר]ה קדיש[ה אמ]ן[ I 1.דכי 2.דיר לטב מרות] [טינה ויעק]ב[ 3.ברה דהנון מתחזקין בת]קון[ אתרה 4.]חול[קהון בהדן אתר]ה קדיש[ה אמ]ן[ II 1.דכיר לטב מרו] [ 2.בר כריס] ו.. ברה[ 3.חולקהון בה]דן אתרה קדישה אמן[ III 1.דניא]ל[ 2.שלום. VI. 1. דכיר לט]ב[ 2.שמואל V. 1. דכיר לטב 2. בנימין פרנסה 3. בר יוסה. IV 1. ]ד[כירין לטב כל מן 2. ]ד[מתחזק ויהב או 3. ]די[הב בהדן אתרה 4. ]ק[דישה בן דהב בן 5. ]כ[סף בן כל מקמה 6.]ד[היא ]א[מן חו>ל The rectangular panel depicting the sanctuary implements is situated at the south end of nave, above the zodiac panel. In the centre of the panel the Torah shrine is depicted flanked by two seven-branched menorahs; two lamps are hanging from the outer branches of the menorahs and Aramaic inscriptions are placed above them. Below the menorahs the figure of Daniel (identified by the accompanying inscription) is portrayed flanked by two lions and surrounded by Aramaic inscriptions. The Torah shrine is depicted with its two doors closed and topped by a gable. Each door is composed of five squares. Each menorah consists of a stepped base; the central shaft is decorated with circles while the other branches are decorated with squares. The branches are connected to a bar adorned by a band (of lotus?). One of the lamps hanging from the menorahs can still be seen; its base has a triangular leg with a round element on top. Above the right menorah a three-lined Aramaic inscription reads as follows: "May be remembered for good lord[ship ] Tina and his son Jacob, who support the renovation of [the holy place]. May they have a ?? in this holy place. Amen." Above the left menorah a three-lined inscription reads as follows: "May be remembered Lord[ship..] the son of Cris[and...his son] May they have a share in this [holy place Amen]. Below the left menorah two legs and the tail of a single lion can be seen, while two arms of the figure of Daniel are discernible. At Daniel's top right an inscription reads: "Danie/l/ Peace". And at his lower right the inscription reads: "May Samuel be remembered for good". At Daniel's upper left a three-lined inscription reads: "May Benjamin the chief (of the congregration) son of Jose". At Daniel's lower left an eight-lined inscription reads: "May be remembered good anyone who donates and gives or will give for this holy place either gold or silver or anything. Amen. May they have a share in this Holy place. Amen." The panel is framed by two parallel lines.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform in the background, Torah shrine and the depiction of the lion (10x10)
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length Not measured for technical reason.
26c Width 408cm.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The above description is based on one made when condition of the Na'aran Synagogue was better than it is today; the lions, the menorahs and the lamps have remained in a poor fragmentary condition. The above inscriptions were all interpreted and translated by Joseph Naveh.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The human and animal figures have been destroyed, as well as the Torah shrine and one of the lamps. The lower part of the left menorah and the central shaft,
branches and lamp of the right menorah survived and were made into one panel by the Ecole Biblique expedition.
Part of the Aramaic inscriptions was also damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894. Naveh, Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177. Naveh, On Stone, 1978, p.93-102.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 066
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.300.1.1
:MED : Mosaic

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.I. & D.D. & N.S. 2.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a