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(VII) Img. ID: 7420 Torah shield, , Warsaw (Warszawa), 1877 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Roever, Fryderyk (Metalsmith)
5 Date 1877
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland | Mazowieckie Voivodeship | Warsaw (Warszawa)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2073
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Torah Ark
Cock (Hen, Rooster)
Columns
Two lions
Heraldic composition |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 550-4,5,19 (Object), 551-19-22 (Hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The arched silver Torah shield consists of a plate and movable indicating plaques.

A protruding Torah Ark in a shape of a rectangular, topped by a semi-circular arch is situated in the centre. It consists of two opening doors decorated with openworked foliate scrolls, and a Torah Scroll inside. The Torah Ark is framed by scrolls and flowers and is surmounted by two rampant gardent lions with human faces. Below the Ark is a rectangular protruding frame with a cell for calendar plaques. On the back side of the shield is a box with an opening door for inserting the plaques. The frame is mounted over an oval medallion resting on a compressed raund base ending with a foliate shell. Two barrel-shaped columns decorated with a fluting spiral band flank the central axis. Capitals are surmounted by roosters facing the Torah Ark. A rich foliate scroll design is spreading all over the lower part of the shield, framing the indicating plaque and emerging towards the borders, which are composed of a foliate scrolls enclosing the shield, topped by a conch. Two loops are situated on both sides of the upper part of the shield. Two rings bearing a chain are inserted through the loops.

Five bells are attached to the lower margin of the shield.

 
21 Ornamentation
Column
Rooster
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver##Structure: Cut##Decoration: repousse, chaised, punched, sawd ##Bonding: soldered, screwed, hinged.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 270 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are eight hallmarks stamped on the face of the Torah shield and on the doors of the Torah Ark.##1. The hallmark depicts a double-headed eagle in a rectangular frame with cut angles.
This is Russian authority hallmark for Warsaw Assay Office in 1851-1896.
##C.f. Lepszy, p.291, no.307##Lileyko, p.88, p.100, no.89.##2. The hallmark depicts cyrillic(?) initials "O.C." (O.S.) with the date 1877 below. It is framed by a rectangular with cut angles. An unknown assay. This is Russian assay
hallmark for Warsaw in 1871-1896.##C.f. Lileyko, p.100, no.89.##3. The hallmark depicts cyfer "84" in a rectangular frame with cut angles. This is Russian quality hallmark used in Warsaw in 1851-1915.##C.f. Lileyko, p.100, no.84-91.
##4. The hallmark depicts a double-headed eagle in a round frame. An unidentified hallmark.##5. The hallmark depicts the name "F.ROEVER" in a rectangular frame. This is the hallmark of Fryderyk Roever, silversmith, active in Warsaw
in the second half of the 19th century.##C.f.Lileyko, p.91. no.16.##6. The hallmark depicts initials "F.R." in a rectangular frame. Probably initials of F.Roever.
##7. The hallmark depicts a mermaid facing left with a sword in her hand. The frame is oval. This is a workshop hallmark of F.Roever.##C.f.Lileyko, p.91, no.16.
##8. An unclear unidentified hallmark.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
A Hanukah lamp with the hallmark of P.(not F.) Roever and an hallmark of indentical asay is found in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Cf. Heraucas e Lembrancas, Rio de Janeiro, 1991, no. 133.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev Collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Two bells are missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Masterpieces-silver, Moscow, 1992, pl. 57. Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.148, no. 44.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
057058
45 Temp: Batch Number
057 | 058
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009065
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7420
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9065
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:MW : 247 mm
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (N.Y.) 4.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a