Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 740 Arbel Synagogue, , Arbel, 4th Century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title Arbel Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 4th Century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Arbel
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Arbel
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 062103
20 Description The synagogue consists of a rectangular north south hall and a large courtyard at the east. The main entrance which made from a singel stone, located in the eastern facade. The main hall of the synagogue is divided by three rows of 14 columns stand on pedestals, to a nave and three aisles on north east and west. two heart shaped columns are located where column rows meet. The synagogue has two stories, The capitals of the first story are of the Corinthian order, while those of the second are of the Ionic order. Ionic half columns attached to the inside walls of the second story. There was apparently a doric frieze carved with trigliphs and metopes on the upper part of the second story. The arrangement of the benches in the hall is unique. Along the east and west walls there is a wide platform (1.4m) infront of the benches. another four benches were constructed toward tne center of the hall and occupy most of the area of the aisles. This benches served olso as steps down to the floor of the hall. Two benches were found along the northern wall. In the second phase the entrance moove to the northern wall and a round niche for the torah ark was constructed in the southern wall, with a bema infront of it.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 20.35m extirior length, 19m internal length.
26c Width 18.5m extirior width, 17.7m internal width.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
A special installation resemling charity chest was builted into the eastern part of the synagogue north wall. The chest hewn out of a single stone (1.48m wide, 1.35m high and 1.1m deep). To the west of the building was located a sort courtyard surrounds by walls, containing a number of rooms adjoining the building.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The synagogue is located in the eastern lower Galiliee, on the summit of Mount Nittai to tne north of nahal Arbel. The synagogue was described Robinson (1852). The Palestine exploration fund conducted survay in the site (1866). The first excavation was done by H.Kohl and C.Vatzinger (1906). Avigad reexamind the site on behalf of the Hebrew University (1960). Restoration and preservation of the site begun under the direction of Z.Ilan and A.Izdarechet (1987-1988). According to the numismatic finds and architectural find studied by M. Fisher the foundation of the synagogue sould be ascribed to the fourth century century. According Z.Ilan the second phase is frome late Byzantine period.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
062 | 103
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

:NO : An.
:MAT : Lime stone##Ashlar block##Carved

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.B.A. 1993 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a