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(VII) Img. ID: 737 Beth Alpha Synagogue, , Beth Alpha, 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Beth Alpha Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Marianus and his son Hanina (mosaic builders) (Unknown)
5 Date 518-527, Justin I, or 567-578, Justin II
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Secunda | Beth Alpha
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Israel | Kibbutz Hephziba
|
11 Site Beth Alpha
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sanctuary Implements |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 68940 (BW)##71 (BW)##(two slides)
19a Scan No. 037026
20 Description The rectangular panel depicting sanctuary implements is situated at the south end of the nave, above the zodiac panel. In the center of the panel a Torah shrine is depicted, flanked by two seven-branched menorah and two lions. Each menorah is set among a shofar, a mahta, a lulav and a thin branch. The Torah ark with its doors shut, is composed of three columns surmounted by vessels. In between the columns is a geometric pattern The Torah ark is topped by a gable with a conch in the center,and flanked by two birds. The two seven-branched menorah are composed of alternating round and oval links. The stems and branches are connected by a bar at the top, with seven lamps. Those of the left menorah are lit. The menorot differ in the design of their base: on the right, three bead-like legs are connected by a bar; on the left, three ribbon-like legs emerge directly from the stem. Below the menorot rae two confronting lions with their mouths open. A shofar, mahta, lulav and ethrog are depicted near the Torah ark. At the right edge of the panel is a small tree with blossoms a bird standing on top. On the left of the panel a thin branch of dry flowers. Curtains hanging from both sides of the panel decorated with flower buds, are drawn back and rolled up. The panel is framed by parallel lines.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Mosaic
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length 202 cm
26c Width 367 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
According to Sukenik, the birds which flank the ark may represent of the Cruvim and the two branches may symbolize Aaron's withered and flowering rod. The lantern in the centre of the gable is explained as Ner Tamid.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The upper left part of the panel was severely damaged. The curtain is completely restored, as well as part of the tail of the left lion.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Sukenik, Beit Alpha, 1932, pp.32-36 pl.10-18.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
037026
45 Temp: Batch Number
037 | 026
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0005245
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
737
48 Temp: Addenda

:NO : An.100.1.1
:MAT : The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform in the depiction of elements and background: 10x10. The colours of the tessera, besides white and black, are one or two shades of gray, brick red, wine red, yellow, brown.
:LN : ENG
:

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.S.W. 12.1986 & H.B 3.1994, T.N., D.D. & D.S. 3.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a