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(VII) Img. ID: 6668 Torah finials , , Odessa, 1891 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | Unknown
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker M. B. (silversmith) (Unknown)
5 Date 1891
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Turkey | Istanbul | Sc_262
| 10
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Elephant |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 769-(31-36) 770-1,2 (hallmarks).
19a Scan No.
20 Description The undulating Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The tapering cylindrical shaft is smooth and is encircled at the bottom by a ring.##The undulating body is composed of a bowl shaped base decorated with vertical leaves that radiate from the center. The base is surmounted by a compressed convex unit which bears six medallions on each finial. The medallions depict: Noah's Ark as a boat-house, a goat, a deer, an elephant, a lion, and a fish. All the animals face the left. A concave unit surmounts the bottom, is composed of an openwork weave that creates cartouches decorated with flowers and leaves in the center. A stepped dome surmounts the unit. It is encircled by strips, the top of which is decorated with leaves. Hooks for bells are attached to the top and bottom parts of the body. ## A crown shaped head is mounted over the body. It is composed of six arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. A floral circlet tops the head and bears a bird shaped apex.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver partly gilded ##Structure:hammered, raised, cut. ##Decoration: chased, cut, punched, engraved##Bonding: soldered
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 415mm (Overall), 115mm (Shaft)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 99mm (Overall), 42mm (Shaft)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the object, part of them stamped twice.
1. The hallmark depicts a cross with dots on both sides within a rectangular cut angle frame.
It is a city mark from the 1890'2 of an unidentified city, probably Odessa.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.258, no. 3858.
2. The hallmark depicts a cross surrounded by three crowns. It is combined with the cypher 84 in an oval frame.
This is a hallmark of the region of Herson in the Ukraine in the end of the 19th century.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p. 255, no. 3781.
The cypher 84 is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c. Cf Postnikova-Losseva, p.148, no.12.
3. The hallmark depicts the Cyrillic initials: "I.SH"(in lat.) surmounting the date 1891, in a square frame. It is the assay halmark of Shmidetzki Josef Alexandrovich active in 1891 in unidentified city.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.258, no.3859
4. The hallmark depicts the Cyrillic initials: "M.B" (in lat.). This is a hallmark of an unknown artist.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.258, no. 3862.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar iconography see Torah finial IJA 9201, Torah crown IJA 9689 and Spice container IJA 10785. The Spice container IJA 10785 bears an identical city hallmark which is also clearer.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Some bells are missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
054076
45 Temp: Batch Number
054 | 076
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0012329
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6668
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.12329
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Y.P. (M.T.) 9.8.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a