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(VII) Img. ID: 614 Nabratein Synagogue, stone relief, Unknown, edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Nabratein Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Architectural fragment
3b Object Detail stone relief
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Vine |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 079078
20 Description Syngogue 1-This synagogue is a broadhouse structure, the facade is on the south. One entrance is located nearly the center of the south wall and a secondery entrance is located on the noreastern corner. There are no traces of columns. Two benches runninig along the walls except on the southern facade wall. A plaster floor have been found. Two platforms (bemas) are attached to the interior of the southern wall. Synagogue 2 has two phases 2a-2b. 2a: The Synagogue has a basilica brodhouse plan oriented north south. A portico with four columns located before the entrance of the synagogoue in the center of the facade wall. the hall is divided by six columns. Architectural fragments of this synagogue like the lintel, and an Adicula found in later debris. 2b: The synagoue is substantially the same in the plan of synagogue 2a. A second bema added and might have been used as a reader's platform. Syngogue 3: The synagogue is in a basilica plan. oriented north-south. The entrances were located in the center of the north and the south walls. The portico was retained. The hall divided by eight columns. The bemas were silled under a plaster floor.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Stone
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length Synagogue 1: 9.35m. Synagogue 2:13.85m. Synagogue 3:16.9m.
26c Width Synagogue 1: 11.2m. Synagogue 2:11.2m. Synagogue 3:11.6m.
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Nabartein located in the Upper Galilee, just north of Safad. The synagogue was first excavated by Kohl and Watzinger (1905), and later on by E.M.Meyers (1980-1981), on behalf of the American Schools of Oriental Research. The excavator dated the synagogues according numismatic and ceramic evidanc. Synagogue 1 is dated according sealed pottery to 135-250 CE. Synagogue 2a is dated to 250-306 CE, fell in an earthquake. Synagogue 2b is dated to 306-363 CE, destroyed in the Gallus revolt or in an earthquake of 363. The site was abandoned. Synagogue 3 is dated to 564-700 CE according a coin sealed below floor and the inscription on the lintel bears the date of 564 CE.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
079078
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 078
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008832
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
614
48 Temp: Addenda

:NO : An.
:MAT : Lime stone##Ashlar block##Carved
:LN : ENG
:SNSDN:ALEPH OF THIS ADDENDA IS IN SNARK

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter R.B.A. 1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a