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(VII) Img. ID: 595 Isfiya Synagogue, mosaic, Isfiya, 5th-6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title Isfiya Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail mosaic
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 5th-6th century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Isfiya
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Menorah
Snuffdishes (mahtot)
Shofar (in the Temple); See also Shofar (New Year) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description This rectangular panel depicting a central inscription flanked by two seven branched menorah, is situated near the entrance of the Synagogue in the western side of the central nave. The panel interrupts the geometrical border which surrounds the central field of the mosaic just below the dedicatory inscription panel. The panel is divided into three section. The central one depicts a central inscription within a wreath, while the lateral sections are occupied by a seven branched menorah flanked by a mahta, a shophar and an etrog. The fragmentary Hebrew inscription reads as follow: Peace upon Israel שלום על ישראל The wreath which surrounds the inscription is composed of groups of three leaves linked at the top with a circle. The left menorah seems to be a three legged one, the stem is composed of alternating rectangular and round links the branches are made of alternating round and triangular links. The stem and the branches are topped by a round lamp seen from the side, with a knob handle on the outer side and a burning wick facing the centre. On the right of the menorah is an etrog and a tip of a lulav. On the left is a shofar and a mahtah (incense shovel). The stem and the branches of the right menorah are composed of alternating, irregular, rectangular and round links ending with square tops from which flames spring. Right to the menorah it is possible to see the remains of a shofar, and of a mahta. All the panel is framed by a double plain strip filled by stepped triangles. Only two fragments with the mahtah and etrog survive today.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 058
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : An....
MED : Mosaic
NNO : 4959 4958 4957
MAT : Stone tesserae: red, pink, brown-orange, cream, greyish,yellow, blue, grey,white,black. Glass teserae: green##Tesserae count 10 cm2: 65 tesserae.
RG : T.M. 1983 & T.C.U. 1992
CO : The lower part and the left part of the left menorah are damaged. Apart from the two fragments depicting the mahtah and ethrog, the where about of this piece of mosaic is unknown. The lower part of the wreath is missing. The right menorah is damaged in the lower and left part.
BIB : Avi-Yonah, Essays, p.14-16,20 pl.B:1, pl.B:2, pl.A:2 Avi-Yonah, Moukhouly, p.120-123, pl.XLI:2, pl.XLII:1, pl.XLII:2

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a