Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 588 Gush Halav Synagogue, lintel, Unknown, 3rd-4th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title Gush Halav Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Lintel
3b Object Detail lintel
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 3rd-4th century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Dove and the Raven spreading his wings as an eagle |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Description: The synagogue consists of a rectangular north south hall, an attached coridor on the west, two storage rooms on the east, and a space on the north used according meyers as a gallery for extra seating. The main entrance is located in the southern facade, facing Jerusalem. A small outer stair way led to a second entrance in the north western corner. The hall is divided by two rows of four columns, with Ionic capitals into a nave and two aisles. The bema located in the south west corner. Benches were attached to the western wall. The bench along the north wall is actually a step to the gallery platform. 

NO : An.
ML : 13.75m
MWI : 10.6-11m
MAT : Lime stone##Ashlar block##Carved
RG : R.B.A. 1994
HIS : Gush Halav is about 8km northwest of Safed, in the Galilee. It was mentioned in the Mishnah as fortified city from the time of Joshua. Its wall was rebuilt when Josephus fortified many cities and villages in the Galilee (war II,575, 590;life 185), the city surrendered without a fight in 67 CE. (war IV, 92-120). Jhoan of Gischala come frome the city. According to Jerom Gischala was the home of paul's perents. In the Talmud Gusu Halav is mentioned as a produser of fine olive oil (war II,591-592;life,74-75;tosefta men.9:5;B.T, men 85b). Renan A., Wilson C., Guerin V. visited the site in the ninetheeth century. Kohl H. and Watzinger C. survyed the site (1906). Excavation were carried out at the site under the auspices of the American Schools of Oriental Research under the direction of E.M. Meyers In the synagogue there were four phases, dated acoording numismatic and ceramics matirial, and considering the earthquake tooking place in this erea. The first phase is dated to 250-306 CE. The second phase is dated to 306-363 CE, The third phase was builted again after the great erthquake and is dated to 363-460. The forth phase is dated to 460-551.
BIB : Meyers E.M.- in E.O.E: 547-550.
REM : The first building was undoutably the most ambitious. The second building witnessed no major modification, a small bema replaced the second larger one on the south-western corner of the facade wall. The fourth phase basically attested through the floor.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
079 | 051
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a