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(VII) Img. ID: 5492 Amud from the Great Synagogue in Vilnius, , Lithuania, 17?? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Amud from the Great Synagogue in Vilnius | *The Synagogue Objects | Amud
3a Object Amud
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 17??
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Lithuania
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Lithuania | Vilnius | The Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum
| VZM 1000
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions
Vase
Columns
Conch
Sacred façade |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kheifetz, Michael
18 Photograph Date 1993
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The brass back wall of the Reader's^Desk is rectangular and terminats with an undulating arched-top. The back wall is decorated symmetricali on both sides of a central axis, in the shape of a two-storied facade. At the lower storey four columns support three arches and entablature. In the widest central arch there is an inscription in square and fieled letters which read:

"שויתי##יהוה ##לנגדי תמיד"

I have set the Lord always before me" (Ps. 16:8)

A floral cartouch is placed in the center of the arched entablature. It is flanked from both sides by two pillasters that rise above the lower columns. Two lions sejant guardant with human faced sit on the inner pillaster each is flanked on is back by a torch of a flame that emerge out of an amphora. The others part of the entablature is decorated entirely with small dots. In the upper storey four columns support three equal arches. which are decorated with floral cartouches. The entablature is framed by a scroll like pattern. Identical smaller scroll decorats its center. four rectangular pedestal bearing a flower in the center and intercalated by panels decorated with romboids net pattern. On each side of the columns is an amphora out of which emerge floral scrolls that rise along the sides and form an arched-frame to the central motifs, whill meeting the scroll that emerge from a the vase of the upper storey. A bird facing backward stands on the scrolls on each side. 

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Brass, wood platform
25a Material Structure sawed
25b Material Decoration repousse, punched, engraved
25c Material Bonding nailed
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 135 cm (overall); 85cm (back wall)
26b Length
26c Width 53.5 cm
26d Depth 27.5 cm
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
AQ : The object was given to the museum from the Art Museum of Vilna in 1991. It was in the Art Museum since 1949. HIS : The reader's desk belonged to unknown synagogue but it was property of the Jewish Museum of Vilna after it was hidden in Ghetto during the war.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The object is partly cracked and part of the decoration is of a new brass. The sockets base is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Vladimir Levin, 20. “Synagogues, Batei Midrash and Kloyzn in Vilnius,” in Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedr? Mick?nait?, and Jurgita Šiau?i?nait?-Verbickien? (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue, vol. 2 (Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2012), No. 1, and see illustrations and bibliography there.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
155073
45 Temp: Batch Number
155 | 073
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
5492
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 7.1993 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a