Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 520 En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II, Bimah, En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title En Gedi Synagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Bimah
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description A rectangular bimah paved with mosaics south of the apse, surrounded by a frame of rough stones. A Torah ark apparently stood on the bimah. At the center of the mosaic a square panel framed with a plain strip, enclosing a bird at the center. It is surrounded by two concentric circles within an equilatertal diamond shape. eometric patterns. The bird is depicted in profile facing left, with a rounded body. A row of flowerbuds is set between the two concentric circles which surround the bird. A trichrome chessboard pattern decorates the upper area of the outer circle and the diamond-shape, and the lower area is decorated with a conch pattern. The triangular spaces within the corners of the outer panel are decorated alternately with conch and trichrome chessboard patterns. Around the central panel are rows of flowerbuds. The panel was designed be viewed from the south.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 011
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Tesserae arrangement: Outlines: The outlines are composed of one line of black tesserae, which is usually surrounded by 1-2 lines of background tesserae. Tessrae density (per 10sq. cm)- (10x8): Bird's head (10x9): Bird's body (10x9): Conch (8x9): Flowerbuds (9x10): Background (8x9): Geometric designs in the corners of the square Tesserae colors: Blue, sun-yellow, light brown, light red, orange, black and white.
SIT : Israel: En Gedi
BIB : B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57. צ. אילן, עין גדי, מתוך: בתי כנסת קדומים בארץ ישראל )עורך: צ. אילן(, משרד הבטחון, עמ' 813-123.
REM : T. Ilan recognized the bird as a partridge.
XX : The southern area of the panel is damaged.
:MAT :

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a