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(VII) Img. ID: 514 En Gedi Syanagogue, Stratum II, Synagogue, Nave, Mosaic floor , En Gedi (Engaddi), End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title En Gedi Syanagogue, Stratum II | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Synagogue, Nave, Mosaic floor
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of 2nd century CE- Beginning of the 6th century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail Byzantine (324-638)
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | En Gedi (Engaddi)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Israel | En-Gedi
|
11 Site En-Gedi
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The nave, south of the bimah area, is decorated with a rectangular mosaic which encloses a square panel. The square panel frames two overlapping square panels with a circle at the center. The circle which is framed by two bands encloses two pairs of birds facing each other. The differing pairs of birds are set one above the other. The two squares which enclose the circle overlap each other diagonally, creating an eight-pointed star form. The space between the rim of the circle and the triangles of the star is inhabited by vine leaves and bunches of grapes. The eight triangles of the star are decorated with a chess-board pattern and a conch pattern alternately. The area within the corners of the outer square panel around the star contains pairs of peacocks facing each other, each pair flanking between a bunch of grapes. The outer square panel is surrounded by a repeating pattern of four-petals formed by intersecting circles. The rectangular panel is framed by a border of of plain bands and stepped triangles. The mosaic near the outer frame of the bimah on the south includes three seven brached menorahs: one at the center, and two near the corners of the rectangular panel. Around the entire panel are rows of flowerbuds. The panel was designed to be viewed from the south, except for the peacocks in the corners which are to be viewed from the corners of the nave.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
030002
45 Temp: Batch Number
030 | 002
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015238
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
514
48 Temp: Addenda
MAT : Tesserae material: Limestone Tessarae density (per 10 sq, cm)- (10x10)-(9x9): Birds, menorah (9x9)-(8x8): Geometric and floral designs, background Tessarae colors: Pinkish-red, gray, light green, sun-yellow, purple- brown, white and black.
SIT : Israel:En Gedi
BIB : B. Mazar, and D. Barag, En Gedi, In: The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. II, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 399-403. R. and A. Ovadiah, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, Roma, pp. 54-57.
REM : T. Ilan identifies the upper pair of birds as ostriches or cranes, and the lower pair as partridges.
LN : ENG

MAT :
MAT :
MAT :
:MAT :

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a