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(VII) Img. ID: 4850 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Elephant |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046062
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 062
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4850
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a