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(VII) Img. ID: 4431 Torah crown from the Beit Midrash in Zhovkva, , Lviv (Lvov, Lwów, Lemberg), 1775-1800? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document

2 Name/Title Torah crown from the Beit Midrash in Zhovkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Katz, Arie Leib ? (Metalsmith)
5 Date 1775-1800?
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | L'vivs'ka obl. | Lviv (Lvov, Lwów, Lemberg)
8 Community Ukraine | Eastern Galicia | Zhovkva (Żółkiew, Zholkva)
9 Collection Ukraine | Lviv | Lviv Museum of Ethnography and Crafts
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jacob's dream (Ladder and angels)
Jacob's dream (Ladder and angels)
Priestly Blessing
Tower of David מגדל דוד
Torah, Giving of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 797-(2-9), (halmark 799-6).
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The silver two leveled Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest and an apex. Each level is composed of base and arms.

The base of the main part is composed of circumpheral band encircled by two rings on bottom and top, and surrmounted by a raw of crests. The central band bears six coloured enamel cartouschs. Each cartousch is decorated with a differnt coloure and subject. The first two cartousches are decorated with a simmilar pattern of a stem of white flowers on a turquoise background.

A dedicatory insciption is inscribed around the upper border of the two cartousches in square and and fieled letters. It reads:

שייך לבהמ [בית המדרש] דקק [דקהילת קודש] זאלקו / ארי' לייב כץ / מאיר בהרר [בן הרבי רב] מרדכי סג

"Belongs to the house of learning (Beit Ha-Midrash) of the holy community of Zolkiew, Ari Leib Catz, Meir son of Rabbi R. Mordechai Seg[al]"

The other four cartousches depict the subjects of the Priestly blessing (12048); the Tower of king David (12049); the giving of the Torah (12050); and Jacob's dream (12051). Each subject has a related inscription.

The base is decorated allover with an openwork foliate pattern. A coloured stone is fixed between the cartousch and in the center of each crest.

Six arms are rased above the base and joined together on top in the base of the crest. Each arm is decorated on top and bottom with a pattern of a conch and with an openwork foliate motives. A coloured stone is set in the central weiden part of the arm.

The concave base of the crest has serated lower and upper borders. Six rampant lions that face leftward, form the arms of the crest. The lions front legs support a dome to which akantos leaves are attached between the lions.

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded silver
Structure: cut, hammered, cast
Decoration: filligree, punch, set coloured enamel, set semi-precious stones
Bonding: soldered, screwed
Inscription: coloured painting on enamele.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 345 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 240 MM
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmark are stamped twice on the base of the crown.
1. The hallmark depicts the cypher 12 and the letter D within a rectangular frame.
This is an Austo-Hungarian tax mark in 1806-1807 for large items allready stamped with earlyier mark.
The letter D indicates for Lvov.
Cf. Rosenberg 3, no. 7875
2. The hallmark depicts the letters V and M combined within a square frame. It is probably an artist mark but it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Cf. Photo of 1920s in Alexander Kantsedikas, Yelena Volkovinskaya, and Tatyana Romanovskaya, Silver (series Masterpieces of Jewish Art) ([Moscow], [1992]), p. 10. ill. 3
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Two arms are broken, the apex and the bell are missing, most of the filigree pattern and the stones are missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Sarah Harel Hoshen (ed.), Treasures of Jewish Galicia: Judaica from the Museum of Ethnography and Crafts in Lvov, Ukraine (Tel Aviv, 1994), cat. 1; Alexander Kantsedikas, Yelena Volkovinskaya, and Tatyana Romanovskaya, Silver (series Masterpieces of Jewish Art) ([Moscow], [1992]), 19
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
042 | 089
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : 12047
:MED : Metal
:BIB : B.H. Mus., Treasures-Lvov, 1994, pp.14-15, no.1

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter M.T. 1.95 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a