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(VII) Img. ID: 4380 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1876 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1876
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7260
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Coat of arms |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(6-12), (hallmark 559-37)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part, has a coronet like base, composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves. The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (9700) alternating with three cartouches inscribed with an inscripthion. In square fieled letters it is read: "זה הכתר תורה##כתר כהונה שייך לה'##כתר מלכות זנ)זאת נדבת(חולם מטאל" "This is the crown of the Law. The crown of priesthood belong to the Lord. The crown of Kingship. This is a donation of Holam Metal (from Talno?)" Foliate scrolls with leaves and flowers decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the base, between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear C scrolls medallions at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. The arms are joined together on top by a cut-dome, of an openwork scrolls. A flower serounded by leavs from which bells hang, is attached to the cut-dome between the arms. A two leveled crest is mounted over a concave unit. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions emerge from a undulating base to support a small upper crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third levels. The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet.

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gielded silver##Structure: hammered, cast, raised## Decoration: repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed##Bonding: screwed, soldered, nailed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 430 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 187 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Three hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by shield. This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
(Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424)##
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1876, within a rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.97-98, no.16.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
042038
45 Temp: Batch Number
042 | 038
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009697
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4380
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9697
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-II1a
7284-III1g
9254
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a