Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 4296 Kapporet (Torah Ark valance) , , Germany, 1796 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document

2 Name/Title Kapporet (Torah Ark valance) | Unknown
3a Object Torah ark valance (Kapporet)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1796
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Lviv | Lviv Museum of Ethnography and Crafts
| 39-2
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sanctuary Implements
Laver and its stand |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 31.1.95
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 803-(5-10)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The rectangualar kaporet is comprised of a band and five lobes on its lower border. The upper part is inscribed with two verses. In square filled letters from right to left it reads:

דע לפני מי אתה עומד )אבות ג א(: שויתי ה לנגדי תמיד )תהלים טז ח(

"Know before whom you are standing (Mishnah Avot 2:1); I have set the Lord always before me (Ps. 19:8)".

The inscription is decorated with foliate motives, one in the center, seperates the verses and two others flank them on the sides. The band is decorated with three identical crowns each comprised of a wide base surmounted by three fleur-des-lys like arms. Above each crown there is a title inscribed in square filled letter. From right to left it reads:

כתר תורה: כתר כהונה: כתר מלכות "Crown of the Law; Crown of Priesthood; Crown of Kingship"

Foliate and floral motifs which emerge from each crown fill the space between them. A strip which seperates the band and the lobes is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription which reads:

זה הכפרת נ)דבת( המרומ)ם( המנהיג מו)מורנו( מרדכי בהח)בן הרב ח( הענך כץ ואשתו הגבירה מ)רת( רוזא בה )בת הרב( יהושיע סגל שנת תקנ"ו לפ"ק

"This Kaporet was donated by the exalted, the leader, our teacher Mordechai, Son of the Rabbi Ch. Hench Catz, and his wife the woman of substance Mrs. Rosa daughter of the Rabbi Joshua Segal, the year (5)556 (1796)".

Each of the five lobes is decorated with one of the sanctuary implements. The implements are titled with an inscription in square filled letters. From right to left are:

  • the Altar of the sacrifice (14023);
  • the Shrewbread table (14024);
  • the Menorah (14025),
  • the Laver and its stand (14026);
  • the Ark of the covenant (14027).

A band of fringes frames the Kaporet and three tassles hang from its lower border. Nine rings attached to the upper border are used for hanging it on the Torah ark.

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Cloth: Bordeaux silk velvet
Decoration: embroidery:
1. Gold and Silver threads twisted around silk core;
2. filled stich in couching technique;
3. cardboard silk
Additions: fringes, tassles, shpanyer arbeit
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 58 cm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kaporet was documented in 1925 in the Great Synagogue inside the city of Lvov. From 1934 it was part of the collection of the Museum of the Jewish community and from 1939 it belongs to the city Museum.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
B.H. Mus., Treasures-Lvov, 1994, no. 30.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
041 | 054
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc 14020
:MED : Textile
:MW : 131 cm

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter S.H. (M.T.) 31.1.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a