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(VII) Img. ID: 4274 Torah finial with Zodiac signs and Four animals, , Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno), 1895-1896? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finial with Zodiac signs and Four animals | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Rimonim (Torah finials)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1895-1896?
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Lithuania | Vilnius County | Vilnius (Vilna, Wilno)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The National Museum in Warsaw
| 1 (SZM 10955 MN)
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Capricorn (Kid), Zodiac Sign of Tevet
Aquarius (Bucket), Zodiac Sign of Shevat |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1991
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 478-(10-19)
19a Scan No. 041033
20 Description The Torah finial now consists of only a body. The body is composed of two openworked compressed globes of diminishing size, each surmounted by a concave unit. The lower globe,which is supported by a base decorated with petalled leaves, depicts the Four Animals (8829), each framed by a double foliate scroll. The upper globe depicts six of the Zodiac signs (8816) surounded by double foliate scrolls. Small cast branches with leaves are attached to the smooth connecting units.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver partly gilded##Structure: spun, cast##Decoration: stamped, cast##Bonding: soldered
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 300mm (body)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 118mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the object.##1. The hallmark depicts a galloping horse with a rider holding a sword ready to strike, within an octagon frame. This is a city hallmark, probably Vilna in the years 1895-1896, Postnikova-
Losseva, p.153, no.170.##2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "A.K" (in latin) above a line with the date 18?? under it. This is an unidentified assay mark, Postnikova-Losseva, p.128-129.
3. The hallmark depicts the Cyphers 84 within an octagon frame. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19th c. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148, no.12.
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials: "SH.B" (in latin). These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
For a similar example see IJA no.8641
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The shaft and the upper part are missing. The matching finial on which the rest of the zodiac signs were probably depicted, is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. W. Nar. Mus., Judaica, 1993, p. 60, f.60.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
041033
45 Temp: Batch Number
041 | 033
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0008639
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4274
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8639
:MED : Metal
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
9253-I1,2,3,4
9253-II1a
9253-II2a
9253-II3a
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 8.1991 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a