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(VII) Img. ID: 4250 Torah crown of the 'Torat Hesed' society in the synagogue by the cemetery in Lviv, , Galicia, 1848 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the 'Torat Hesed' society in the synagogue by the cemetery in Lviv | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1848
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Galicia
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Lviv | Lviv Museum of Ethnography and Crafts
|
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Scorpio (Scorpion), Zodiac Sign of Heshvan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1.1995
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 796-(18-3610), (hallmarks 799-7,8)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three tiered Torah crown consists of a main section, a middle section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms.

The main section is comprised of a wide coronet-like base. It is decorated with six vertical bands, each bearing an identical pattern: Two confronting rampant lions supporting a medallion with a dedicatory inscription.

It is surmounted by a medallion with one of the zodiac signs which is topped by a vase with flowers.

The dedicatory inscription reads in a clockwise order in square letters: זה הכתר/שייך##לה'ח'ב'ק )להחברה הקדושה(/תורת חסד/ב"ב ## ה'כנ'ת )בבית הכנסת(/ על##בית## עלמין/בשנת##תר"ט## לפ"ק "This Crown belongs to the holy society 'Torat Hesed' in the synagogue of the cemetery in the year (5) 609 (=1849).

These vertical bands alternate with bands which depict two twisted columns that flank foliate scrolls. A coloured stone is set on top of each scroll. Six arms project from the bands with the scrolls. In the center of each arm is a medallion which bears one of the zodiac signs (13201), surrounded by C scrolls. A flower flanked by S scrolls decorates the lower and upper parts of the arms, which have bells hanging from rings inbetween them. The arms converge at the top under two wide rings on which the middle section is mounted. The lower ring is smooth, while the upper ring is decorated with flowers and leaves.

The base of the middle section is decorated with an alternating pattern of coloured stones and a diamond motif. It is surmounted by an alternating trefoil and a flower with a coloured stone in its center. Six arms decorated with leaves and flowers, project from the flowers of the base and converge undeer the base of the crest. A ring repeating the pattern of the base connects the arms in the center.

The base of the crest repeats the alternating pattern of the middle section. Six smooth arms project from it and converge at the top under a dome. A bell hangs in the center of the upper tiers.

The apex is an open winged eagle who stands on the dome with a chain in its beak.

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilt
25a Material Structure cut, hammered
25b Material Decoration repousse, punch, niello, set semi-precious stones
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription niello
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 580 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 264 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on different parts of the crown.
## 1. The hallmark depicts a circle with the cypher 13 inside it. It is topped by the letter D and surrounded by the date 1848. This is an Austro-Hungarian quality mark used between 1810-1866. The letter D indicates Lvov.
## Cf. Divis, p. 222, no. 1901.
##R3, vol. IV, no. 7986.
2. The hallmark depicts unclear initials which can not be ide
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The zodiac signs on the arms are arranged in an unclear order. The medallions are movable and may have been re-arranged confusing the original order.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was part of the collection of the Jewish community Museum (?)
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The medallion with the sign of Virgin, is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Sarah Harel Hoshen (ed.), Treasures of Jewish Galicia: Judaica from the Museum of Ethnography and Crafts in Lvov, Ukraine (Tel Aviv, 1994), cat. 3
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
041004
45 Temp: Batch Number
041 | 004
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0013200
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4250
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.13200
:MED : Metal
:DER : 3003-I1
3003-II5a
3003-IV1a
3003-IV4
:HS : Two hallmarks are stamped on different parts of the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a circle with the cypher 13 inside it. It is topped by the letter D and surrounded by the date 1848. This is an Austro-Hungarian quality mark used between
1810-1866.
The letter D indicates Lvov. ## Cf. Divis, p. 222, no. 1901.##R3, vol. IV, no. 7986.
2. The hallmark depicts unclear initials which can not be identified.
:MH : 580mm
:MD : 264mm
:MAT : Silver, partly gilt## Structure: cut, hammered## Decoration: repousse, punch, niello, set semi-precious stones## Bonding: soldered## Inscription: niello
:CO : The medallion with the sign of Virgin, is missing.
:HIS : The crown was part of the collection of the Jewish community Museum (?)
:BIB : Cf. Masterpieces-silver, Moscow 1992, pls. 25. ## B.H. Mus., Treasures-Lvov, 1994, no. 3.
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter M.T. 1.1995 49a
50 Researcher M.T. 1.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a