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(VII) Img. ID: 39623 WoodcuSchatzbehaltert from , Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 69, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin, Nuremberg (Nürnberg), 1491 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title WoodcuSchatzbehaltert from | Unknown
3a Object Woodcut
3b Object Detail Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 69, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nuremberg (Nürnberg)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Staatliche Graphische Sammlung
| Inv. No. 171523
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Staatliche Graphische Sammlung
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Michael Wolgemut and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff's workshop|
13 Iconographical Subject In Search of Christ's Qualities |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fig. 1: The qualities of Christ and of his enemies       Fig. 2: The qualities of Christ and of his enemies

Former front or back woodcut flyleaf                          S. Fridolin, Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer

Munich Ashkenzi Siddur-Mahzor                                des Heils, fig. 66

olim BSB Cod.hebr. 69                                              Nurmberg, 1491

(Munich, SGS Inv. No. 171526)                                   Munich, BSB Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v

 

Both front and back woodcuts once formed part of the pastedown bifolia, only their stubs remaining. Remnants of green colour are seen on the recto of the first paper flyleaf of the back cover, indicating that the coloured woodcut was inserted between the last parchment leaf and the two paper flyleaves.

The former front or back flyleaf was removed on 1st December 1862 and is currently in SGS, Inv. No. 171526. It appears in the text of the Schatzbehalter as fig.66 (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v). It depicts Christ in the centre of a hilly landscape, between trees, blessing with his right hand and holding a stick in his left. His haloed head is surrounded by five animals: an elephant, a turtle dove, a lamb, a pelican and a phoenix. A few black birds attack these animals, while the wild animals, wolf (or dog), bear, lion, unicorn, wild boar and a fox at Jesus’ feet tear at his clothes. On the left, between the trees is a female figure with a sheep and on the right is a flock of sheep on a hill (Bellm 1962, 29-30).

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique

Both front and back woodcuts once formed part of the pastedown bifolia, only their stubs remaining. Remnants of green colour are seen on the recto of the first paper flyleaf of the back cover, indicating that the coloured woodcut was inserted between the last parchment leaf and the two paper flyleaves.


The former front or back flyleaf was removed on 1st December 1862 and is currently in SGS, Inv. No. 171526. It appears in the text of the Schatzbehalter as fig.66 (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v). It depicts Christ in the centre of a hilly landscape, between trees, blessing with his right hand and holding a stick in his left. His haloed head is surrounded by five animals: an elephant, a turtle dove, a lamb, a pelican and a phoenix. A few black birds attack these animals, while the wild animals, wolf (or dog), bear, lion, unicorn, wild boar and a fox at Jesus’ feet tear at his clothes. On the left, between the trees is a female figure with a sheep and on the right is a flock of sheep on a hill (Bellm 1962, 29-30).

25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
Inner frame: 248 x 175 mm.
With frame: 314 x 256 mm. (the frame is slightly cropped)
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The text clarifying this image in the Schatzbehalter (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v) is entitled Von der Sucht der Sitten Cristi (In search of Christ’s qualities) and belongs to the 61st-65th responses (Gegenwürfe) dealing with Christ’s qualities and those of his enemies, particularly the Jews. It represents an allegory of the virtues of Christ, opposed to the vices of the Jews. In the text Fridolin explains that the birds and other creatures surrounding Christ’s head are his five qualities: the elephant for Christ’s courage, the turtle dove for his virginity, the lamb for his good heart and gentleness, the pelican for his faithfulness, and the phoenix for his resurrection, in the longstanding Christian tradition. By contrast, the wild animals depicted at Christ’s feet stand for the Jewish priests and other enemies who persecuted him. The Jews are described by Fridolin as jealous dogs, dishonest as foxes, lustful as bears, greedy and cruel like wolves, wild and unclean like pigs, proud as the lion and haughty as a unicorn. He adds that they are mocking like a magpie, impure like a passerine, dirty like the hoopoe, thievish like ravens, faithless like an ostrich, merciless like the owl and blind like bats. The attacking black birds and the owl on the right relate to this description. They do not appear in Capestrano's panel and were added by the Schatzbehalter’s artists to make an acute comparison.

The female figure on the left with a sheep at her feet, as Fridolin indicates, alludes to the parable of the Lost Sheep (Mt 18:12-14; Lk 15:3-7), namely the lost sinner. The Lord left ninety-nine sheep on a hill in search for the lost hundredth one, which caused more joy in heaven over a repentant soul than over ninety-nine just souls (PL 76:1247: Gregorius I Magnus, Homiliarum in Evangelia, II/XXXIV, Sunday Sermons III, trans. Toal 1959, 201-202).    

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

The text clarifying this image in the Schatzbehalter (BSB, Rar. 293, fol. 124r-124v) is entitled Von der Sucht der Sitten Cristi (In search of Christ’s qualities) and belongs to the 61st-65th responses (Gegenwürfe) dealing with Christ’s qualities and those of his enemies, particularly the Jews. It represents an allegory of the virtues of Christ, opposed to the vices of the Jews. In the text Fridolin explains that the birds and other creatures surrounding Christ’s head are his five qualities: the elephant for Christ’s courage, the turtle dove for his virginity, the lamb for his good heart and gentleness, the pelican for his faithfulness, and the phoenix for his resurrection, in the longstanding Christian tradition. By contrast, the wild animals depicted at Christ’s feet stand for the Jewish priests and other enemies who persecuted him. The Jews are described by Fridolin as jealous dogs, dishonest as foxes, lustful as bears, greedy and cruel like wolves, wild and unclean like pigs, proud as the lion and haughty as a unicorn. He adds that they are mocking like a magpie, impure like a passerine, dirty like the hoopoe, thievish like ravens, faithless like an ostrich, merciless like the owl and blind like bats. The attacking black birds and the owl on the right relate to this description. They do not appear in Capestrano's panel and were added by the Schatzbehalter’s artists to make an acute comparison.

The female figure on the left with a sheep at her feet, as Fridolin indicates, alludes to the parable of the Lost Sheep (Mt 18:12-14; Lk 15:3-7), namely the lost sinner. The Lord left ninety-nine sheep on a hill in search for the lost hundredth one, which caused more joy in heaven over a repentant soul than over ninety-nine just souls (PL 76:1247: Gregorius I Magnus, Homiliarum in Evangelia, II/XXXIV, Sunday Sermons III, trans. Toal 1959, 201-202).    

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
39623
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a