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(VII) Img. ID: 381 Maon Nirim Synagogue, , Maon Nirim, 6th c. edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Maon Nirim Synagogue | Unknown
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 6th c.
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail 518-527 C.E. Justin I or 527-538 C.E. Justinian th
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Maon Nirim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Maon
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 63778
19a Scan No.
20 Description A bird occupies the central medallion of the second row of the nave panel. The bird's body faces front and its head faces left. It spreads its right wing. An unidentified object hangs on a string around its neck.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The tesserae, made of limestone and some of glass, are arranged in curved lines to form the shape and shading of the
bird. One line of brown tesserae outlines the bird. One line of background tesserae surrounds the bird and one to two lines
follow the medallion frame. The density of the tesserae per 10 cm2 is not uniform. The density is 10x11 for the body of the bird and
11x12 for the head with a lower density of 9X9 for the background. The colors of the tesserae are off-white, white,
black, grey, light and dark ochre, brown and green.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 700mm approx.
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The bird's talon and beak indicate that it is a bird of prey. Avi-Yonah suggests that the object around the bird's neck is a bula. (Avi-Yonah, Eretz Israel 6,1960 p.88)
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The left side of the medallion including the bird's left side is damaged.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avi-Yonah,M.,Bulletin III,1960,p.26
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
035097
45 Temp: Batch Number
035 | 097
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0000867
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
381
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.500.2.1.32
:MED : Mosaic
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Sara Shor 1996 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a