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© Ivan Levytskyi, Photographer: Levytskyi, Ivan, 2021

The Great Choral Synagogue is the most impressive of the Jewish structures in Drohobycz.  Built in 1842-65, the three story brick structure towers over the street.  Its style is a variant of the then popular Rundbogenstil.  The facade is well organized:  massive pilasters surmounted by a decorated gable frame the entry which, despite its monumental treatment is a relatively simple doorway, with two windows placed above it vertically.  A larger gable decorated in a similar but slightly larger-scaled fashion surrounds the entry treatment.  It is crowned by the tablets of the law, and supported again on pilasters capped by decorative towers.  Vertical rows of three windows are inserted between the pilasters.  The edges of the building’s main facade are framed again by pilasters and topped by towers --slightly smaller than those closer to the center-- whose decorative treatment is a variant of that of its neighbors.  Again, a set of windows fills the space between the pilasters.  This motif is repeated on all the facades, though on the N and S facades, the three windows are replaced by a single, three-story tall, round-headed window; and on the E facade, backing the Torah ark, the center window of the three is round.

            In fine Austro-Hungarian tradition, the facade of the building presents a grander appearance; the two outer bays of the facade are stair towers, the building is actually only as wide as the three central bays.  A small entry hall mediates between the exterior and the main sanctuary space and gives access to the stair towers of the two women’s galleries, both of which are located above the entry way.  The main sanctuary is what some have identified as being of the “nine-bay type.”  That is, four supports arranged in a square in the center of the space visually divide it into nine, generally equal, units.  The Bimah stood in the center between the four supporting pillars.

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Name/Title
Great Synagogue in Drohobych | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Settings
Unknown
Date
1844-1863
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Ukraine | L'vivs'ka obl. | Drohobych
| Pylypa Orlyka St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Subject
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Synagogue
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
A (Good)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Part of Jewish quarter
Significance Rating
3 (National)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
CJA documentation; Jewish Cemeteries, Synagogues, and mass grave sites in Ukraine. United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (Washington D.C., 2005); Meir Wunder, Benjamin Lukin, Boris Khaimovich, Grandeur and Glory: Remnants of Jewish Art in Galicia, vol. 1: Eastern Galicia, A-O (Jerusalem, 2005), p. 70 with ills.; Pinkas hakehilot: Polin, vol. 2: Galitsiya Hamizrahit (Jerusalem, 1980), p. 164; Sefer zikaron le-drohobits, borisov ve-ha-svivah, edited by N.M.Gelber (Tel Aviv, 1959), pp. 89, 95, ills. Plate VII; Evreiskaia Entsiklopediia, 16 vols. (St. Petersburg, 1908-1913), vol. 7, p. 345-346 with ill.; Iosif Gelston, "Evreis'ki kul'tobi sporudy Drohobycha" in: Sakral'ne mistetstvo Boikivshchyny: naukovi chytannia pam'iati Mikhaila Dragana (Drohobych, 1997), p. 22-23, ill. on p. 21; Mścisław Mściwujewski, Królewskie wolne miasto Drohobycz (Lwów-Drohobycz, 1929), p. 23-24; Iosif Gel'ston, "Opis' pamiatnikov evreiskoi istorii i kul'tury v g. Drogobyche", Evreis'ka istoriia ta kul'tura v Ukraini, materialy konferentsii, Kyiv, 21-22 serpnia 1995 (Kyiv, 1996), p. 175; Iosif Gel'ston, "Arkhitekturnye osobennosti planirovok sinagog Drogobycha", Evreis'ka istoriia ta kul'tura v Ukraini, materialy konferentsii, Kyiv, 2-5 veresnia 1996 (Kyiv, 1997), p. 148; Yantovskii, Shimon, Sud'by evreiskikh obshchin i ikh sinagog, SSSR, 1976-1987 (Jerusalem, 2003), ills on p. 388; Sprawozdanie Kuratorjum Opieki nad Zabytkami Sztuki Żydowskiej przy Żydowskiej Gminie Wyznaniowej we Lwowie (Lwów, 1928), p. 16. Sergey Kravtsov, “Jewish Identities in Synagogue Architecture of Galicia and Bukovina,” Ars Judaica: The Bar-Ilan Journal of Jewish Art 6 (2010), p. 89–90.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Researcher
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
A446908