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© Jewish Museum in London (JML), Photographer: N/A, -

Sheet no. 1

Columns of text nos. 1-3 are copied within horseshoe arches surrounded by ornamented strips.

Name/Title
JML Esther Scroll with Horseshoe Arches | Unknown
Object Detail
cols. 1-3
Settings
Unknown
Date
19th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Unknown |
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment + wood and metal
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: ca. 125 x at least 4350 mm.
Length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) 755 mm, 2) 755 mm, 3) 715 mm, 4) ca. 800 mm, 5) 825 mm, 6) ca. 250mm, 7) at least 230 mm (the left edge is placed on a roller).
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- text panel: 96x68 mm;
- decorations between the text panels: 96x25 mm;
- prefatory panel: 63x45 mm;
- decorations in the upper and lower margins: 12 mm;
- an average letter: 3-3,5 mm (height).

The roller: ca. 285 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

The manuscript (the text, decorations, and parchments) is preserved in good condition.

The hair side of the parchments is dirty.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 7 sheets containing in total 48 columns of text with 14 lines each, except for col. 40 which has 11 lines divided into two half-columns (in the column, the spaces between the lines vary as in many other Oriental megillot).

The number of columns of the text per sheet: no. 1 - 7, no. 2 - 9, no. 3 - 8, nos. 4 and 5 - 9, nos. 6 and 7 - 3. 

The text is written in Hebrew square Oriental script in black ink on the flesh side of the parchment membranes that are stiff and rather thick. Their sides of the parchments vary - the side of the text and decorations is brighter and the blank side is rather yellow. 

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its form - it is composed of two elements joined with a roof. The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged.

The leg of the letter ע in the final word of the scroll is decorated with a long swirl.

The lines of the text are not equal because they fit the shape of the panels.

There are some corrections in the text, added by another hand in different ink.

The ruling is made with a hard point and is barely visible, except for col. 20 where it is clear; it is also quite well visible on the blank side of the parchments.

The pricking - 15 tiny holes - in some places can be seen.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

In the prefatory panel, there are three Hebrew letters - לפא - written in pencil.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

No bibliography on the scroll is available.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
M002794