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(VII) Img. ID: 34464 Synagogue in Mediaș, Western facade, upper part, Mediaș (Mediasch, Medgyes), 1896 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Synagogue in Mediaș | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Western facade, upper part
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1896
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Transylvania | Mediaș (Mediasch, Medgyes)
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Romania | Transylvania | Sibiu județ | Mediaș
| 45 Kogalniceanu St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Neo-Moorish
Neo-Romanesque|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A169305
20 Description

The synagogue in Mediaș was built in 1896. It combines elements of the Neo-Moorish and Neo-Romanesque styles.

The main, western façade of the synagogue faces Kogalniceanu St. and its side, southern façade faces Unirii St. The western façade is decorated by six pilasters shaped as octagonal towers with a finial at the top. The entrance door is preceded by a portico supported by four massive columns. The façade is decorated by round medallions with Stars of David; tablets of the law are placed in its center, above the central window. The southern façade is more modest; it is also decorated by round medallions with Stars of David. The eastern façade is blank, pierced only by a oculus. A pavilion with large windows is attached to that façade; the pavilion has no connection to the synagogue’s interior.

The prayer hall has a women’s gallery on its three sides and a central bimah, and it is spanned by a barrel vault.

The eastern wall of the prayer hall is painted as a blue sky with stars.

A wooden Torah ark is situated in the center. It has a form of a portal and is surmounted by the Tablets of the Law and an oculus. The gable of the ark is flanked by a painting of lions, looking towards the center. Behind each lion, a stylized palm tree, bending towards the center, is depicted. The lower part of the ark is flanked by the depictions of two large seven-branched menorot.

Two identical sets of pictures appear in the lower tier of the side walls. They start on the eastern wall with paintings of Magen David and the Crown of the Torah. The eastern pier of the northern/southern wall has a “triptych” of two seven-branched menorot and the tablets of the Law, inscribed נר מצוה ותורה אור (“For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light,” Prov. 6: 23). The central pier of the northern/southern wall has a “diptych” of two eternal lights, inscribed שמור נרי ואני אשמור נרך (Midrash Tehilim, 18). The western pier of the northern/southern wall also has a “diptych”: a goblet is inscribed כוס ישועות אשא
(“I will take the cup of salvation,” Ps. 116:13); a laver is inscribed ארחץ בנקיון כפי (“I will wash my hands in innocence,” Ps. 26:6). The last pictures of the sets on the western wall are two identical but mirrored images of the Western Wall in Jerusalem, each inscribed כותל מערבי (The Western Wall, Fig. 19). The entrance door in the center is flanked by two identical but mirrored depictions of a shofar with an olive branch, inscribed תקע בשופר גדול לחרותנו (“Sound the great shofar for our freedom,” The Amidah Prayer).

Although entirely preserved, the building is currently in a dilapidated state and demands urgent repair and restoration.

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21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main) Western facade
27b Entrances West
27c Location of Torah Ark East
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk center
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats in rows, facing east
27j Location of Women's Section gallery on three sides of the prayer hall
27k Direction Prayer East
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem Southeast

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
34464
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich; Vladimir Levin 1997; 2019 49a
50 Researcher Vladimir Levin 2016 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a