Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 3381 Torah shield , , Galicia
Poland, 1876 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document

2 Name/Title Torah shield | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1876
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Galicia
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2110
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Torah Ark
Two deer
Grapes |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 546-37;547-35;551-5,6, (551-14,15 hallmarks)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The silver Torah shield is rectangular and terminates with semicircular arch. It is decorated as an architetural facade of Torah Ark. In the center there is a Torah Ark following the shape of the shield, with two opening doors, containing inside it a Torah scroll and two staves. The doors are decorated with a pattern of rhombuses and circles and a handle is attached to the left door. Above the ark is a crown like leaf from which hang two wine scrolls with a cluster of grapes, flanking each side of the ark. Two columns are located on both sides of the shield, decorated with flowers and bands with the pattern seen on the doors. Each column is surmounted by a crown-like capital. Above the columns are two rampant deers, facing each other, that flanke the central leaf. Below the Torah ark is a cartouche bears an inscriptin with a date and it continues with a dedicatory inscription on a band attached to the lower part of the shield. Inscribed in square filed letters it reads:

"שנת תרל"ו" "זנ")זו נדבת( חיים לייב ב")בן( זאב ז")זוגתו( דוואסי ב")בת( שלמה".

"The year (5)636 (1876)" "This is a donation of Haim Leib son of Zeev (and) his wife Dvosi daugter of Solomon".

The shield is framed by a raised line decorated with leaf pattern and it has a flat serated edges decorated with a pattern of triangles and circles. The Lower band with the inscription is framed only by a flat serated frame.

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded silver##Structure: cut##Decoration: repousse, punched, cast ##Bonding: soldered, hinges, pins ##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 163 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped at the front lower side of the Torah shield.
1.The hallmark depicts the cypher '12' within a rectangular frame. This is a quality mark that was used in differnt places in central and east Europe. By itself it is unidentified hallmark.
2.The hallmark depicts a pattern of dots (acorn?) and it is unidentified.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The lower band is attached by nails to the Torah shield and it has a different frame in addition to the frame allready exist. It is assumed that the lower band was added later.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev Collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Wien, Kunstis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.131, no.33.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
034 | 077
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.8174
:MED : Metal
:MW : 121 mm

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter P.F. (M.T.) 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a