Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 336614 Torah shield of a Hevrah Kaddisha, , Bucureşti (Bucharest), 1826 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document

2 Name/Title Torah shield of a Hevrah Kaddisha | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1826
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Wallachia | Bucureşti (Bucharest)
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Gross Family Collection
| 051.001.012
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions
Eagle, double-headed displayed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Bar Hama, Ardon
18 Photograph Date -
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. Gross_051.001.012B.jpg
20 Description

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

Breastplates – ornamental metal plates or shields hung in front of the Torah scroll – are found in all Ashkenazi communities, as well as Italy and Turkey, but designed differently in each community. In most cases the breastplate is made of silver or silver-plated metal. In Italy the breastplate is shaped like a half-coronet and known as the Chatzi-keter, "half-crown." In Turkey, the breastplate is called a Tas, and assumes a variety of shapes – circular, triangular, oval, or even the Star of David. In Western, Central, and Eastern Europe the breastplate is called either Tas or Tziz; its function there is not merely ornamental: it designates which Torah scroll is to be used for the Torah reading on any particular occasion, with interchangeable plaques.

The most notable early breastplates, from 17th-century Germany and Holland, were either square or rectangular, but over time they became rounded and decorative, and bells or small dedicatory plaques were suspended from its lower edge. During this period, the design of breastplates was influenced by that of the Torah Ark and the parokhet (curtain) concealing it, featuring various architectural motifs, the menorah (the seven-branched candelabrum), Moses and Aaron, lions, or Torah crowns.

The workmanship in silver for this Tas is simply extraordinairy. The exquisite detailing in the surface repousse and chasing is the work of a master artisan. There is a use of a coat of arms, whose identification is not yet clear. There apparently was a crown above, which is now missing, leaving the two holes by which it was attached. The use of the word "washers" in the inscription to describe the members of the Chevrah Kadisha is very unusual. While it is most certainly what the members of this Holy Confraternity do for the fellow Jews for burial, it is unusual to find it so explicitly stated. Ritual objects belonging to the Chevrah Kadishah have a great status among collectors and institutions.

Inscription: Abbreviations for the Ten Commandments on the Tablets of the Law. Donated from the funds of the Washers of the Dead in the Holy Congregation of Bucarest in the Year (5)486 (= 1826) by thecurrent patrons: the Rav Ya'akov Son of Yosef, May the Lord Sustain and Strengthen Him, and the Rav Aaron Gera Saibi, May the Lord Sustain and Strengthen Him

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, Repousse, Cut, Pierced
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
Height: 24.2 cm, Width: 19.7 cm Weight: 302 g
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a