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(VII) Img. ID: 332793 JHI Esther Scroll with Landscapes I, opening decoration and cols. 1 and 2, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHI Esther Scroll with Landscapes I | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail opening decoration and cols. 1 and 2
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 18th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| C-327
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Poland | Mazowieckie Voivodeship | Warsaw (Warszawa) | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with landscapes|
13 Iconographical Subject Ahasuerus and Esther, enthroned
Seven princes of Persia and Media (Es. 1:14)
Seven maidens given to Esther (Es. 2:9)
Bigthan and Teresh hanged (Es. 2:23)
Mordecai recieving the clothes from Hatach (Es. 4:4)
Haman hanged (Es. 7:10)
Haman's sons hanged (Es. 9:14)
Mordecai's triumph (Es. 6:11)
Mordecai and Esther writing the Purim letter (Es. 9:29)
Ahasuerus' banquet (Es. 1:3-8)
Execution of Vashti - strangulation
Landscape
Columns
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Garland
Vase
Acanthus Leaf |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kwolek, Grzegorz
18 Photograph Date 09.2017
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M002153
20 Description

The scroll opens with a panel containing several narrative scenes from the Esther story. In the decorative panel, in the central part of the upper register, there is the royal couple seated on the throne with a canopy that is placed on a pedestal. The king and the queen are accompanied by courtiers; on the right, the princes of Media and Persia are standing (Es. 1:14) and on the left, Esther's maidservants are standing (Es. 2:9). Below, there are three rectangular frames: the central panel contains the benedictions recited before the Megillah reading, while the panel on the right shows the chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, hanging on two gallows (Es. 2:23), whereas the one on the left depicts Haman and his sons hanging on three gallows (Es. 7:10 and Es. 9:14 or Es. 9:25). The lowest register contains three episodes that are (from right to left): Mordecai receiving the clothes from Hatakh (Es. 4:4), Haman leads Mordecai through the streets of Susa (Es. 6:11), Esther and Mordecai write letters instructing the Jews to observe Purim (Es. 9:29).

The first membrane of the scroll includes also the first four text columns (nos. 1-4), and four frames with the narrative scenes (nos. 1-4). Only two of the text columns and narrative scenes are visible in the image.

Col. 1: In the upper margin, landscape no. 1 is printed and in the lower margin, the feast of Ahasuerus is represented (Es. 1:3-8). Six men are seated at a round laid table. On either side of the table, servants are visible.

Col. 2: In the upper margin, landscape no. 2 is printed and in the lower margin, Queen Vashti is portrayed while she is strangled by two women standing on either side of her. During the execution, she stands with her arms spread, and her crown lies on the floor. The Book of Esther does not mention the fate of Vashti after her refusal of the king's order and the source for this representation remains unknown. The same theme, although illustrated in a slightly different way, can be found in the "Esther scrolls with portrait medallions" and their copies made by hand, as well as in the scrolls designed by Marcus Donath (Mordecai ben Jozl Sofer) of Nitra (see their descriptions in the Index).

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
332793
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a