1. דכ 2. דיר לטב מרות] [טינה ויעק]ב[ 3. ברה דהנון מתחזקין בת]קון[ אתרה 4. ]חול[קהון בהדן אתר]ה קדיש[ה אמ]ן[ I 1.דכי 2.דיר לטב מרות] [טינה ויעק]ב[ 3.ברה דהנון מתחזקין בת]קון[ אתרה 4.]חול[קהון בהדן אתר]ה קדיש[ה אמ]ן[ II 1.דכיר לטב מרו] [ 2.בר כריס] ו.. ברה[ 3.חולקהון בה]דן אתרה קדישה אמן[ III 1.דניא]ל[ 2.שלום. VI. 1. דכיר לט]ב[ 2.שמואל V. 1. דכיר לטב 2. בנימין פרנסה 3. בר יוסה. IV 1. ]ד[כירין לטב כל מן 2. ]ד[מתחזק ויהב או 3. ]די[הב בהדן אתרה 4. ]ק[דישה בן דהב בן 5. ]כ[סף בן כל מקמה 6.]ד[היא ]א[מן חו>ל The rectangular panel depicting the sanctuary implements is situated at the south end of nave, above the zodiac panel. In the centre of the panel the Torah shrine is depicted flanked by two seven-branched menorahs; two lamps are hanging from the outer branches of the menorahs and Aramaic inscriptions are placed above them. Below the menorahs the figure of Daniel (identified by the accompanying inscription) is portrayed flanked by two lions and surrounded by Aramaic inscriptions. The Torah shrine is depicted with its two doors closed and topped by a gable. Each door is composed of five squares. Each menorah consists of a stepped base; the central shaft is decorated with circles while the other branches are decorated with squares. The branches are connected to a bar adorned by a band (of lotus?). One of the lamps hanging from the menorahs can still be seen; its base has a triangular leg with a round element on top. Above the right menorah a three-lined Aramaic inscription reads as follows: "May be remembered for good lord[ship ] Tina and his son Jacob, who support the renovation of [the holy place]. May they have a ?? in this holy place. Amen." Above the left menorah a three-lined inscription reads as follows: "May be remembered Lord[ship..] the son of Cris[and...his son] May they have a share in this [holy place Amen]. Below the left menorah two legs and the tail of a single lion can be seen, while two arms of the figure of Daniel are discernible. At Daniel's top right an inscription reads: "Danie/l/ Peace". And at his lower right the inscription reads: "May Samuel be remembered for good". At Daniel's upper left a three-lined inscription reads: "May Benjamin the chief (of the congregration) son of Jose". At Daniel's lower left an eight-lined inscription reads: "May be remembered good anyone who donates and gives or will give for this holy place either gold or silver or anything. Amen. May they have a share in this Holy place. Amen." The panel is framed by two parallel lines.
Na'aran Synagogue | Unknown
6th Century CE
Synagogue active dates
Documentation / Research project
The density of tesserae per 10cm2 is uniform in the background, Torah shrine and the depiction of the lion (10x10)
The human and animal figures have been destroyed, as well as the Torah shrine and one of the lamps. The lower part of the left menorah and the central shaft, branches and lamp of the right menorah survived and were made into one panel by the Ecole Biblique expedition. Part of the Aramaic inscriptions was also damaged.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Number of Lines
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Summary and Remarks
The above description is based on one made when condition of the Na'aran Synagogue was better than it is today; the lions, the menorahs and the lamps have remained in a poor fragmentary condition. The above inscriptions were all interpreted and translated by Joseph Naveh.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Avi-Yonah, Encyclopedia, 1977, vol.ii, p. 892-894. Naveh, Vincent, "La Synagogue de Na'aran" RB 68, 1961, 161-177. Naveh, On Stone, 1978, p.93-102.