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(VII) Img. ID: 3088 Torah shield, , Wrocław (Breslau), 1810 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah shield
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1810
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland | Dolnośląskie (Lower Silesian) Voivodeship | Wrocław (Breslau)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 49
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Moses and Aaron
Crown
Tablets of the Law |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 2-20, 3-33 (hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description The silver Torah shield is rectangular and terminates with an arch. It consists of a plate. In the center are depicted the Tablets of the Covenant inscribed with the opening words of the Decalouge, five on each side. The tables are flanked by the figures of Aaron on right and of Moses on left (12508). A surmounting crown is topped by a palmette band. Below the Tablets is a cartouche inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters, it reads: "לפרט ## פתוחי חתם תפתח ## את שתי האבנים ## ל"## "The two stones should be engraved like the engravings of a signet" (based on Ex. 28:36) A flower extends downwards from each of the bottom corners of the cartouche. Two flanking spiral columns have square bases with a tablet flower and acanthus capitals The shield is framed by an inner beaded band and an outer scalloped band. There are three holes for a hanging chain, located at each upper corner and at the top of the arch.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver ## Structure: cut, stamped ## Decoration: repousse, punched, stamped, engraved ## Inscription: engraved ##
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 228 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two halmarks are stamped on the lower part of the front. ## 1. The hallmark depicts a bearded man's face surrounded by a frame of three circles. This is a city hallmark for Breslau between 1761-1778. C.f. R3 v. 1, 1373.
2. The hallmark depicts the letter: G , within a round frame. This is a city hallmark for Breslau between the years 1761-1776. C.f. R3, v.1, p.282, no. 1384.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The inscription date does not match the hallmark dates. This shield is similar to shield I.J.A. 8665 J.H.I. and shares two similar hallmarks.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Bezalel collection. Wisbadden 6481.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The chain is missing
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
031061
45 Temp: Batch Number
031 | 061
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011847
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3088
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.11847
:MED : Metal
:MW : 183 mm
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter S.H. 25.7.94 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a