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(VII) Img. ID: 3042 Torah Crown from the Great Synagogue in Kamenets-Podolskii, , Kamianets'-Podil's'kyi (Kamenets-Podolskii), 1850? edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah Crown from the Great Synagogue in Kamenets-Podolskii | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Reuven Aaron ben Samuel (Metalsmith)
5 Date 1850?
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Russian Empire
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Khmelnyts'ka obl. | Kamianets'-Podil's'kyi (Kamenets-Podolskii)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7267
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Eagle, double-headed displayed
Bear holding a shrub or branch |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 560-1,3,5,5,8,9
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The two leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base, composed of two circumferal bands. Each band is mounted over a ring decorated with flowers. The lower band is a strip of scolls with protruding medallions. Each medallion bears a crowned double-headed egle. The scrolls between the medallions emerge from a bear who sits in the center and holds their stems in its hands. On the lower part of the strip, from both sides of the bear are open-winged birds facing each other.

The lower band is surmounted by a band decorated with an alternated pattern of seven branches Menorah and a vase of scrolls. The Menorah has a foliage shaped branches and a pattern of leaves on its base and is flanked on each side by a bird that stands on the scrolls which emerge from the vase.

Six arms, are attached to the base and raised up above the vases. Each arm is decorated with flowers and leaves and they are connected together by a horyzontal band decorated with dots from which hang bells.

The arms are joined together on top by a dome decorated with a lion, a snake, a deer and an eagle surrounded by a foliate and geometric pattern.

The dome is surrounded by a parapet-like coronet and is surmounted by the tables of the covenant inscribed with the begining of the ten commandments.

Two rampant lions facing each other stand on both sides of the dome, and support with their front legs the tables and the base of the crest. In front of the tables are two rampant unicorns that support a crest-like banner. The banner is inscribed with an inscription in square fieled letters which is read:

"זה הכתר שייך לב'ה'כ'נ'ס )בית הכנסת( הגדולה דקאמינץ" "This crown belongs to the great synagogue of Kamenets"

On the rear side of the dome is a deer which holds an unclear thing in its front legs. A bell hangs from the center of the dome.

The crest which is mounted on the tables of the covenant repeats the shape of the main part but it is decorated only with foliaet motives and lack the bands with the bells. A globular apex with a floral disk surmounts the crest. On the inner side of the crown it is inscribed in rounded letters:

"ראבין אהרון##במוה)בן מורנו הרב( שמואל##צורף"

"Reuven Aaron son of our teacher the Rabbi Samuel, Zoref" (silver-smith).

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, Gielded silver##Structure:cast## Decoration: cast##Bonding: screwed, nailed, soldered##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 399mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 284mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From the Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
cf. Mastrpieces-silver, Moscow, 1992, no. 1-2.
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.84, no.10.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
031015
45 Temp: Batch Number
031 | 015
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010548
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3042
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.10548
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a