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(VII) Img. ID: 3032 Spice container, , Odessa, 1893 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Spice container | Unknown
3a Object Spice container
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1893
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| No 7381
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion
Elephant
Bull (See also Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar, Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel))
Swan |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-12,13,14,15,16 (Object);556-24(Hallmarks).
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The tower shaped spice container consists of a receptacle, and a stand.

The square architectural part is composed of a one storey building which contains the receptacle, a roof, and a mast. The square receptacle is situated within the storey, on which each bears an animal surrounded by a foliate motif in openwork. The animals from right to left, are: an elephant, a swan, a bull and a lion. All the animals are depicted in profile with their body turned leftward, but the bull and the lion face to the front. The swan swims in a wavy river while the others stand on a lawn with flowers. The upper and lower rim of the receptacle are serrated and a ring from which hangs a leaf shaped medallion, is attached to each of the lower corners. The four faceted roof is decorated with a pattern of flowers surmounted by leaves. It is topped by a mast mounted on a globe.

The receptacle is supported by a stand composed of a base and four wires. Four hemiglobular legs support a square flat base. Four twisted wires emerge from each the base's corners and support the receptacle. The wires are joined together by a globe in the center.

 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver##Strucrure: hammered##Decoration: pierced and sawed, punched, engraved##Bonding: soldered, screwed, folded
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 206mm (overall); 85mm (shaft)
26b Length
26c Width 47mm (body); 52mm (base)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Three halmarks are stamped on the base.
1. The hallmark depicts a cross with two dots on both sides, within a a rectanglur cut angles frame. It is a hallmark of an unidentified city, probably Odessa in the 1890's.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p. 258, no.3858.
2. The hallmark depicts cyrillic initials: "T.K" (in lat.) with the date 1893 under a line, framed by a rectangle. It is a hallmark of an unknown assay who was active in an unidentified city, in 1895-1897.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.258, no. 3860.
3. The hallmark depicts the cyfer 84 framed by a rectangle. It was a Russian quality hallmark in the 18th and 19th centuries. ##Cf.Postnikova-Losseva, p.148, no 12.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Identical animals are found on a Torah crown (IJA 9689) and two Torah finials (IJA 9201 and IJA 12329) both originated in the Odessa region at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. The animals depicted on this spice container lack the boat house which probably represents Noah's Ark
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Masterpieces-silver, Moscow, 1992, no.104-105
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.206-207, no.85.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
031004
45 Temp: Batch Number
031 | 004
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0010785
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3032
48 Temp: Addenda
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (M.T.) 6.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a