Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 283761 Great Synagogue in Orla, , Orla, Mid-17th century edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document

2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Orla | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Mid-17th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland | Podlaskie Voivodeship | Orla
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Poland | Podlaskie Voivodeship | Orla
| 37 Armii Czerwonej St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Baroque|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kułakowski
18 Photograph Date 1955
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A183838
20 Description

The synagogue in Orla was designed in the Baroque style in the middle of the 17th century with a building plan for nine bays and a vaulted ceiling. The synagogue has been rebuilt and remodeled many times. In the early 19th century, two wooden staircases were added to the women's gallery and the façade of the synagogue received a classical design.

The wooden Torah ark, the murals on the eastern wall of the prayer hall, and its columns are original to the time of the construction of the synagogue. The murals on the eastern wall were connected to the wood and stucco ark and are partially preserved. The decoration theme includes peacocks and other birds, and garlands and grapevines.  

The murals in the arch above the entrance with 'the four animals' motif were painted in the 1920s.

For the interior see:



See also:


21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Bergman, Eleonora and Jan Jagelski, Zachowane synagogi i domy modlitwy w Polsce. Katalog. (Warsaw, 1996), p. 97 with ill.; Tomasz Wisniewski, Jewish Bialystok and Surroundings in Eastern Poland: A Guide for Yesterday and Today (Ipswich, Massachusetts, 1998)., p. 96 with ill.; Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóżnice murowane na ziemiach dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (Warsaw, 1999), pp. 362-4 with ills.; Przemysław Burchard, Pamiątki i zabytki kultury Żydowskiej w Polsce (Warszawa, 1990), p. 63; Pinkas hakehilot: Polin, vol. 8: mehozot vilna, byalistok, novogrudek (Jerusalem, 2005), p. 105; Tomasz Wisniewski, Synagogues and Jewish Communities in the Bialystok Region: Jewish Life in Eastern Europe before 1939 = Bóżnice Białostocczyny: Hearthland of the Jewish Life - Synagogues and Jewish Communities in Białystok Region (Bialystok, 1992), p. 183 with ill., ills. on p. 34-37; Hatsfirah, 23.10.1878, p. 315; http://www.sztetl.org.pl/pl/article/orla/11,synagogi-domy-modlitwy-i-inne/4356,synagoga-w-orli-ul-armii-czerwonej-37-/; http://cbj.jhi.pl/documents/809735/5/
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a