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(VII) Img. ID: 283748 Old Synagogue in Pińczów, , Pińczów, 1594-1609 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document

2 Name/Title Old Synagogue in Pińczów | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1594-1609
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland | Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship | Pińczów
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Unknown |
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Poland | Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship | Pińczów
| Klasztorna St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Renaissance|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kułakowski
18 Photograph Date 1952
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A183832
20 Description

The synagogue in Pińczów was constructed between 1594 and 1609. A small lobby was attached to the northern facade of the synagogue in a later stage of its history. The synagogue is located in the middle of the former Jewish quarter, and is the last surviving Jewish monument in the town of Pińczów. 

The cube-shaped synagogue consists of a square prayer hall (9.5 m x 9.5 m) covered with a groin vault ceiling with lunettes. On the northern side there is a vestibule and a small prayer hall on the ground floor and a women's section on a second tier.

The carved stone Torah ark in the main prauer hall still exists in fragments. According to M. Bałaban, it was made in “the most beautiful Renaissance style” (Zabytki historyczne Żydów w Polsce, Warszawa,1929, p.76).

The synagogue was vandalized by Nazi troops and damaged during the fighting of the final year of WWII. During the 1970s it was restored. Murals are preserved in fragments in the main prayer hall and in the small prayer hall.

For the building plans see:


For the interior of the main prayer hall see:


For the wall paintings in the vestibule see:


See also:


21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Piechotka, M., and K. Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóznice murowane na ziemiach dzwnei Rzeczypospolitej, (Warszawa: Krupski i S-ka, 1999), p. 139-144; Bergman Eleonora&Jagelski Jan, Zachowane Synagogi I domy molitwy w Polsce:Katalog ,(Żydowski Institut Historyczny, Warszawa, 1996), p. 102-103; Kandel Dawid, “Bóźnica w Pinczowie”, Kwartalnik poświęcony badaniu przeszłości Żydow w Polsce, R.I,1912, z.II – dodatek, Bóznices starożytne w Polsce, s.25-35; Ilia Rodov, The Torah ark in Renaissance Poland : a Jewish revival of classical antiquity (Boston : Brill, 2013), p.149-152; תמר שדמי, הכתובות שעל קירות בתי הכנסת במזרח אירופה – מקורותיהן, משמעות ותפקידן בעיצוב תפיסת החלל ועבודת הקודש, חיבור לשם קבלת תואר "דוקטור לפילוסופיה" (אוניברסיטת בר אילן, רמת גן, אייר תשעא [2011]) ע.190-197
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Boris Khaimovich 49a
50 Researcher Boris Khaimovich 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Carmen Echevarria 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a