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(VII) Img. ID: 2691 The Gate Sarcophagus from Beth She`arim , , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title The Gate Sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Israel: Beth She`arim, catacomb 20; sarcophagus no.46
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sacred façade |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. IES 4474, 4473, 5554
19a Scan No.
20 Description The sarcophagus has a rectangular body and a high gabled lid with four acroteria on the corners. The front side is decorated with an architectural facade. On the right narrow side are two rhombi flanking a column. On the left narrow side are rough curves. The back is undecorated(?). The lid is decorated with vertical stripes, containing varios motifs. In the center of the right narrow side of the lid, is a gable inclosing a conch. The front side - In the center is a gate (sacred facade) with a double leaved door, divided in two rectangular panels. The lintels and jams of the gate are carved with a string of reels pattern. The gate is flanked by two columns, and two additional columns are carved at each corner. The inner columns are flat and vertically fluted, they have simple bases and rounded capital. The corner columns are three quarter round with neither bases nor capitals. The two rectangular fields between the corner and the central columns are deeply grooved with oblique lines. On the right narrow side - is a central column, flanked by two rhombi enclosing a circle. The coulmn is vertically fluted, with a simple base and rounded capital. On both sides of the lower apex of the two rhombi are small circles, and small rhombi on the upper apex. The left narrow side of the sarcophagus - is entirely incised with rough curves. The two slopes of the gabled lid - are decorated with alternately vertical plain stripes and stripes containing various geometric and floral designs. Each of the four acroteria is surrounded by a thick rope-like strip. Between the right rope-like stipes and the end of the vertical stripes design, are two plain discs. The right narrow side of the lid is decorated with a gable enclosing a conch.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Hard limestone; carved in low and sunken relief.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 97 cm. (body)
52 cm. (lid)
26b Length 255 cm. (body)
26c Width 92 cm. (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
Groove Columns Gate Rombi
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The sarcophagus was found in catacomb 20, Room no. VIII 2
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avigad,N. Beth Shearim III, p.153-4, Pl.XLIX,1-2, PL.XLVII A,2
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 046
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.
:MED : Stone (Limestone)
:SIT : Israel: Beth She`arim

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (D.S.) 1981; O.S. 1998 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a