Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 2687 The "Circles" sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title The "Circles" sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Catacomb
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Israel: Beth She`arim, catacomb 20; sarcophgus no.43
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. IES. 4490, 4491, 5558
19a Scan No.
20 Description The sarcophagus has a rectangular body with a high gabled lid with four acroteria on the corners. Only the front and the right narrow sides were decorated. On the front are interlacing circles flanked DES by rosettes. On the right narrow $$9side of the sarcophagus are interlacing circles, and a wreath flanked by rectangles beneth it. On the front side - two geometric rosettes were incised. A ten petaled rosette to the left and a twelve petaled rosette to the right. Between them is a group of seven interlacing circles. On the right narrow side - are four interlacing circles enclosed by two concentric circles. A triangular pattern fills the space between the inner circles and the outer ones. Below them a small wreath with suspended ribbons was carved, decorated with triangulars. Two double rectangles were carved on both sides of the wreath. On the front side of the lid, four pairs of lines were incised, in imitation of roof rafters.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Hard limestone; incised and carved in sunken relief. All the incised lines are painted red. Circles on the front and right narrow side, were made by compass.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 88 cm. (body)
51 CM. (lid)
26b Length 223 cm. (body)
26c Width 79 cm. (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
rosette Circle
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The sarcophagus was found in catacomb no.20, room no.VIII 1
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
A robbers hole on the upper left side of the front side of the sarcophagus.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avigad,N. Beth Shearim III, p.157-8, fig. 71, Pl.XLIX:3.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 042
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.
:MED : Stone (Limestone)
:SIT : Israel: Beth She`arim
:XX : by rosetts. On the right narrow side is a circle with four interlacing circles within, with a wreath below, flanked by two triangulars.

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (D.S.) 1981; O.S. 1998 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a