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(VII) Img. ID: 2683 The "Daughters" sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Syria-Palaestina, Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The "Daughters" sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria-Palaestina, Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Israel: Beth She`arim, catacomb 20; sarcophagus no.25
10 Location Israel | Beit Shearim
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Putto holding wreath |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 4485
19a Scan No.
20 Description כן )=כאן( הן מנחות אטיו בתו שלרבי גמליאל בן נחמיה שמתה בתולה בת עשרין ושתים שנה ואטיון בתו שלרבי יהודה בנו שלרבי גמליאל שמתה בת תשע שנים וששה חודשים עמידת]ן עם הצדיקים[ The sarcophagus has a rectangular body and a high gabled lid with four acroteria on the corners. The front side of the sarcophagus is decorated with a rectangle flanked by wreaths. The right narrow side is decorated with a disc. The back and left side are undecorated. On the front of the lid is a Hebrew inscription. The front side - is decorated on the centre by a rectangle with two intersecting diagonals, flanked by two wreaths. The right wreath is incised in diagonal rope-pattern in sunk relief. A ribbon dangling from the wreath is stylized in a geometric design, creating a monogram of the letters A and Y. The left wreath is only indicated by external engraves in the shape of the greek letter Omega. The right narrow side - is decorated with a concave carved disc. On the front side of the lid - and between the acroteria, is a Hebrew inscription containing eight lines. According to N. Avigad the inscription reads as follow: "Here they lie, Atio, the daughter of Rabbi Gamliel, son of Nehemia,who died a virgin at the age of twenty two years, and Ation, the daughter of Rabbi Judah, the son of Rabbi Gamliel, who died at the age of nine years and six month. May the resurrection [be with the righteous]".
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Hard limestone; carved in sunken relief, incised, painted in red.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 86 cm. (body)
56 cm. (lid)
26b Length 227 cm. (body)
26c Width 85 cm. (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
Wreath Inscription
36 Summary and Remarks
According to N. Avigad, in regard to the inscription, it is assumed that a girl and her aunt were laid in the coffin, and it may be assumed that only the bones were deposited. According to N. Avigad, the wreath motif is very common in Jewish sepulchral art at the end of the second-temple period; it is also encountered frequently in the lintels and friezes of the ancient synagogus.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The sarcophagus was found in room V. After the excavation the lid was removed to room I, near the entrance of the catacomb, in order to protect the inscription from humidity.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The sarcophagus is worn away. The lid was slightly moved by robbers.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avigad,N. Beth Shearim III, p.138-139,102, Pl.XXXIX
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063038
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 038
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006958
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2683
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.
:MED : Stone
:TYP : OR
:SIT : Israel:Beth She`arim
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (D.S.) 1981; O.S. 1998 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a