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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,
The sarcophagus has a rectangular body. The three sides that have remained contain three mythological scenes. The front long side is carved with what appears to be the story of Achilles among the daughters of King Lycomedes. The narrow side depicts the story of Leda and the swan (Zeus), and the back probably depicts the story of the Calcedonian hunt. The front side- The scene includes Achilles in the center flanked by four human figures and a horse, facing the center. Achilles is frontal and facing right. He is naked, his right arm is bent, while his left hand is holding an oval object (a shield?). His hair is arranged in long curls decending on his shoulders. His left shoulder is covered with a tunic, and a diagonal band descends from his right shoulder. The remaining figures are described from left to right: 1. The first figure is a frontal naked man standing in front of a horse, and moving towards the left. He is holding a sword in his right hand, while his left hand is extended towards the reins of the horse. On his left arm hangs a tunic flowing down between his legs. 2. On the right is a naked male figure. He is probably sitting and his torso is turning to the right, and his arm is extended forward. 3. Behind him, is a standing man, facing the right. This figure is wearing a short chlamys, hanging on his left shoulder,and a frigic hat. 4. In front of this figure, is a woman, facing right, only her head had survived. Her hair is gathered behind her head. 5. Facing Achilles and to his right, stands a woman. She is wearing a belted peplos, her hair is gathered, and descending on her left shoulder. 6. Behind her is a figure of a woman, facing left. Her head is thrown backwards, with her hair gathered. Her right hand is visible behind the head of the woman in front her. 7. To the right is a man, his head is bent backwards, and turning to the left. He is blowing into an object, which seems like a trumpet. 8. The last figure on the right side, is of a man, wreaped with a garment, and seen in front of a horse. On the background of the scene is a facade of a palace flanked by pillars with attic bases supporting an arch, whicn can be seen at the extremities of the front side The back long side of the sarcophagus - depicts a hunting scene, which only two fragments had been preserved. The scene probably represents the story of Atalanta and Meleagros and the Calydonian boar. On the right, is a figure, wearing a short tunic, riding a galloping horse, facing the right.His left hand is uplifted, holding an enlonged object (spear?), and the right hand is holding the horses reins. A bush is depicted on the right of the horses head. On the second fragment, another figure was depicted, which only her legs were preserved. This figure wears a short tunic and high boots. Between his legs is part of an animal with a tail and claws (lion? dog?). To the right is a leg of another figure. The left narrow side of the sarcophagus- depicts the myth of Leda and the Swan, which represents Zeus. On the right side is Leda facing the swan. Leda is depicted as a naked woman, in profile. She is slightly bending froward with her legs tight trying to cover her front body with a cloak. Her right hand is stretched forward, towards the swan, grasping his neck, and trying to push him away from her. Behind Leda's legs is an oval object(a shield?). The swan is also in profile, advancing forward, towards Leda. The wings are spreaded behind his back, and all of his body is coverd with feathers. The neck is long and curved, his beak is close to Leda's lips. Between the swans legs, is an overturned basket with rounded fruits, probably figs. To the left of the swan stands a fruit-tree, apparnately a fig tree. Along the lower side of the scene is a remnant of a register, under the figure of Leda. It depicts a horned animal, probably a goat, nibbling a plant. To the right side of the animal is a tree. Near the upper edge of the sarcophagus runs a profiled ornamental double band, consisting of a Cyma reversa (cyma lesbos) and an Egg-and-dart pattern. Along the lower part of the sarcophgus runs a high decorated register.
Name/Title
Sarcophagus | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Settings
Unknown
Date
2nd - 3rd century CE
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown | Beth shearim, catacomba 20, leda and the swan
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Subject
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.