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(VII) Img. ID: 2668 Coffin no. 3 from Beth She'arim, , Syria-Palaestina, Beth She'arim, 4th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Coffin no. 3 from Beth She'arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 4th century CE
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria-Palaestina, Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Coffin no.3
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sacred façade |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 56806, 56807.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The coffin has a rectangular form, with a flat rectangular lid. The long sides of the coffin are decorated by two parallel bands of inhabited Trailing vine scrolls along the outer edges. Between them is a register of intersecting diagonal lines of bead and reel pattern forming six rhombi and triangles. The two inhabited Trailing vine scrolls bands comprise of leaves, tendrils, clusters of grapes,and birds perched on wide bowls. Each rhombus and triangle contains an eight petalled flower, with a knob in the center. One of the narrow sides of the coffin is decorated with an architectual design with an arch supported by two columns. Inside is an eight-petaled rossette. The arch is decorated with garlands of laurel leaves interwoven with ribbons and a small rossette in the center. The columns are with Attic bases. The lower part of the columns is fluted with narrow grooves, the upper part is fluted with broad grooves. The Corinthian capitals contain leaves, tendrils and intervening rosettes. Along the length of the lid are three parallel bands of inhabited Trailing vine scrolls. Between every two bands is a register of intersecting diagonal lines in beed and reel pattern, forming six rhombi, and triangles. Each rhombi contains a eight petaled flower. The inhabited Trailing vine scrolls bands are similar to the ones on the long sides.
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The coffin is made out of cast lead sheets. The ends of the sheets were welded together. The edges of the flat lid made of one sheet are bent down and folded at the corners.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height 35 cm. (body)
184 cm. (lid)
26b Length 184 cm. (body)
26c Width 38 cm. (body)
38 cm. (lid)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
Carved stamps impressed into a soft mould into which lead was cast.
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The coffin was found in tomb no.6, which is below tomb no.5.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avigad,N., Beth Shearim III, p.175, Pl. LXVI.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063023
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 023
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007131
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2668
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.
:MED : Lead
:TYP : PHO
:SIT : Israel: Beth she`arim
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (D.S.) 1982, O.S. 1998 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a