© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown, ???
A soldier and a figure of a man are depicted on a wall above and to the left of arcosolium. The soldier is wearing the garments of a soldier and is represented en face, except for legs which are drawn in profile. His entire tunic is decorated with various designs. His arms bend down and end with five fingers. He holds a spear in his right hand, carried horizontally, with the head pointing right towards the arcosolium. Another man's figure is placed above the left shoulder of the soldier. It is shown en face. He has a round head, wide shoulders, extended arms and legs but no feet.
Beth She'arim, Catacomb 4, | Unknown
early 3rd century - mid-4th century
Synagogue active dates
Documentation / Research project
Material / Technique
Soft rock engraved in the form of a soldier and a figure.
No damage can be seen. The engraving of a figure is unfinished.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Number of Lines
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Summary and Remarks
The face, eyes, nose and mouth of the soldier are indicated by hatched lines and dots. The square body whith enormous chest is exagerated in relation to the head. The Roman military tunic is girded at the hips and leaves the thighs bare. $$9The artist seems $$9to depict the legionaire Germanos, the son of Isaac, of Palmyra whose name was written on the wall to the right of this graffito. The figure of the man seems to hold a spear, but the line indicating this weapon is very thin See $$9bibliography.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Mazar, Beth She'arim: Raport on the Excavations During 1936-1940, 1973 vol.I, pp.182-183, fig.15, pl.XXXVI:2.
| T.M. 7.1982 D.S. 1992 K.B. 11.1995
Author of description
National Parks Authority