Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 2650 Beth She'arim, Catacomb 4, , Beth She'arim, early 3rd century - mid-4th century edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title Beth She'arim, Catacomb 4 | Unknown
3a Object Catacomb
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 3rd century - mid-4th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
| National Parks
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Beth Shearim
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Man |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date ???
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 4912
19a Scan No.
20 Description Engravings of men and animals are placed on the back wall of the room. They include from left to right: a strange large animal represented in profile with a large head and an open mouth; two heads, one behind the other with upper part of the body of a man in profile facing right; an animal drawn in profile, facing left; a rough drawing of a quadruped; a rough sketch of a falling man; and a falling man situated below figures. He is represented diving headlong, with the body in profile and the head en face, as if turned sideways. His body is rectangular, shown with simple lines. It is decorated with criss-cross pattern.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Soft rock engraved in the form of men and animals.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The head of the animal drawn in profile is represented by a rough circle; its eye is indicated by a dot, its tail by a horizontal line, and its legs by four perpendicular lines ending in horizontal strokes pointing leftwards. Mazar claims that the animal may represent a lion. The details of the face of the diving man are drawn in dots and lines; the hair is indicated by lines springing from the skull; the legs are indicated by two long lines ending $$9in feet; the hanging arms are represented by double lines running in continuation of the lines of the body; all five fingers of the hand are indicated. Mazar identifies the criss-cross decoration of the rectangle as a tunic. Mazar claims that this composite scene has a $$9specific meaning. The drawing is primitive and carelessly executed. See bibliography.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
No damage can be seen. The engraving was not completed.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Mazar, Beth She'arim: Raport on the Excavations During 1936-1940, 1973 vol.I, pp.185-187, pl.XXXVI:5.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 005
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.700

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. 7.1982 D.S. 1992 K.B. 11.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a