Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 2649 Beth She'arim, Catacomb 4, , Beth She'arim, early 3rd century - mid-4th century edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document

2 Name/Title Beth She'arim, Catacomb 4 | Unknown
3a Object Catacomb
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 3rd century - mid-4th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | National Parks Authority
| National Parks
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Unknown|
11 Site Beth Shearim
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Man |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date ???
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 4897
19a Scan No.
20 Description Two figures of men, one beside the other, are engraved on the wall, to the right of arcosolium. Both are depicted en face except for the legs which are drawn in profile. They are represented with simple lines. Their body is portrayed as a $$9rectangle. It is decorated with criss-cross pattern. The figure on the right has no indication of the mouth. Its arms, ending in five fingers, hold a spear or three pronged fork (fuscina) pointed to the right. The figure's feet are directed to the left. The face of the figure on the left is not visible. This figure wears $$9an headgear which encircles its head, covers its left shoulder and drapes down to the left. He holds an unclear object. The legs of the figure are directed to its right.
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Soft rock engraved in the form of two men.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
In both figures the head is exaggerated in relation to the body. The eyes of the right figure are depicted by two big dots, the arched eyebrows and the elongated nose by thick lines, and the hair by many thin lines. Mazar identified the $$9criss-cross pattern decoration of the rectangle as a short tunic with belt on the hips. He also identified the unclear object holded by figure on the left as possibly a shield (scutum). This two figures are probably two gladiators in a picture of a duel. See bibliography.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The figure on the left is partially damaged. The lines of its face are blurred.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Mazar, Beth She'arim: Raport on the Excavations During 1936-1940, 1973 vol.I: Catacombs 1-4, p.182, Pl.XXXVI:3.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 004
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.700

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. 7.1982 D.S. 1992 K.B. 11.1995 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a