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The 14-chart calendar; squatting man; decorated calendar: The 14-chart calendar indicates in abbreviated form the main events of the Jewish ritual year which occur during each month of the 14 types of year. The calendar consists of 14 rectangular panels enclosing each 12 monthly roundels (MS I:22-28 – e.g. fig. 1) and a square panel enclosing 7 roundels representing the additional month of Adar of the 7 leap years of the 19-year cycle (MS I:29 – fig. 2).

 

The type of year is indicated above each panel by means of two Hebrew letters, and whether it is ordinary or leap. For example, the type, or "signature", of the first year (MS I:22 – fig. 1) is הך פשוטה, which means that in this ordinary year (פשוטה) the difference between this New Year’s day and the next New Year’s day is ה (5) days, and the kind of year is regular ך (כסדרה , of 354 days), thus the type of year is הך

The roundels contain titles with the Hebrew month followed in brief by the holiday, the Torah reading and the other ritual events of that month. The roundels are inter-linked and coloured.

 

Fig. 3: Two Rampant Lions Flanking a Flowery Motif

Munich, BSB 394, MS I:29, detail

 

The square panel is decorated in the spandrels with a geometric motif and surmounted by two rampant lions flanking a flowery motif (fig. 3).

The man squatting on a stand below the square (fig. 4) separates the Hebrew calendar from the Christian one (see General Document: Summary and Remarks). A similar motif fills the blank space under an initial word (MS I:46v - fig. 5).

                         

Fig. 4: Squatting Man                                                                Fig. 5: Squatting Man

MS I:29, detail                                                                                      MS I:46v, detail

 

 

In MS I:29 (fig. 4) the scribe explains that he is going to construct the Christian calendar by similar methods to the Hebrew calendar. On the right:

 עד כאן כתבתי לך ופרשתי לך לחשוב המולד ולבחנו וגם לקבוע ר"ה (ראש השנה) ביומו ולקבוע השנה בקביעתן וגם לחשוב התקופה בכמה פנים    

(So far I have written and explained to you how to calculate the molad [lunations] and to check it; to date New Year [molad Tishrei]; to fix the kevi'ah [type of year], and to calculate the tekufah [the seasonal change] in several ways). On the left:

והנה אכתוב לך ג"כ (גם כן) לידע לוח הגוים הנקראים נוצריים (כתוב: מצריים) ולידע יום קביעות המילה של ישו שהוא ר"ה שלהם הנקרא יארשטג בל"א (בלשון אשכנז) וה' חוגות של הקדושים שבכל שנה בקל לפי חדשי הלבנה שלנו

(And now I shall write for you also to understand the calendar of the gentiles called Christians (the text reads מצריים = Egyptians), and the details of Jesus' Circumcision day which is their New Year, called in German Jahrestag, as well as the five feasts [and] saints' days that occur every year, according to our lunar months (cf. MS II:91; Carlebach 2011:123-124, and fig. 5.1).

The hand of the Censor marked the items pertaining to the Christian calendar.

Name/Title
Munich double Evronot book | Unknown
Object Detail
Part I, fol. 22
Settings
Unknown
Date
MS I: 1677; MS II: 1566
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 394 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 394)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Brown ink, red, blue, dark and light green, yellow ochre, and purple colours.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
(142-146) x (107-112) mm
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
M000977