Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 261324 French Liturgical Pentateuch, Fol. 244v, France, before 1348 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title French Liturgical Pentateuch | Unknown
3a Object Liturgical Pentateuch
3b Object Detail Fol. 244v
4a Artist/ Maker Hayyim (scribe and artist) (Unknown)
5 Date before 1348
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin France
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod.hebr.28 (Schwartz, No. 19)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Israel, Map of
Masorah in micrography, decorative
Micrographic shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001163
20 Description

Fol. 244v:

The biblical text in the centre of the page is surrounded by the Massorah magna and parva and by the Targum in the inner margin and on the upper and outer margins by Rashi's commentary, both written in shaped text. The top Massorah is also surrounded by a zig-zag line ending in the triangle facing to the right.  

Set at the lower part of the page is a rectangular map drawn in dark brown ink on the parchment ground, illustrating the text of Num. 34:2-12 and the Rashi's commentary on these verses, discussing the boundaries of theLandofIsraeland the countries surrounding it, from the South through the West and East till the North.

Along the outer borders of the map on all sides are inscriptions in the semi-cursive script from the biblical text, relating to the specific locations depicted in the map. The diagram is oriented to the West, needs to be read upside down as can be deduced from the two directions inscribed on the map: "Air line on the Westside" (חוט מצר מערבי) on the right side of the map, and "Air line on the East side" (חוט מצר מזרחי) inscribed on the left side of the map.

The Land of Israelis set in the center of the rectangle surrounded on three sides by a band decorated in a guilloche pattern and inscribed at the center: "The Land of Israel"(ארץ ישראל) . Most of the space allocated for the land of Israel is empty, except for several small rectangular compartments indicating locations within the land itself which protrude into the center space. These compartments indicate the locations on the borders which are set within the land of Israel. Surrounding the guilloche border are compartments of varying sizes, inscribed with the names of locations, as mentioned in the biblical text and Rashi. All the compartments are surrounded by several frames and are decorated within the compartment.

The Western border on the right side of the map is made up of two rectangular compartments set within the main center space designated to the Land of Israel, each decorated within by an arch topped by a gable and two small circles and inscribed from right to left Azmon (עצמון), Kadesh-barnea (קדש ברנע). The border continues under the guilloche band with a small, narrow rectangular compartment inscribed "unto the river of Egypt" (נחלה מצרים) and to its left a large rectangular compartment inscribed in large square script "GreatSea" (ים הגדול). the great sea, indicating the border of the Mediterranean Sea is decorated by wavy lines symbolizing a body of water and three fish swimming in the water. 

The Northern border, depicted on the bottom of the diagram, is made up of five compartments. The first one contains a depiction of a small mountain above a larger mountain, inscribed on the top section "Mount Hor" (הר ההר) and below Turi Amnom (טורי אמנום), which Rashi brings as the Yerushalmi's translations for Mt. Hor (Rashi's commentary on the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Gittin, 8a). The visual depiction of Mount Hor follows the description in Rashi's commentary on Numbers 20: 22, based on other sources[1], describing the Mountain of Hor as a "mountain on top of a mountain, like a small heap above a large heap" (הר על גבי הר כתפוח קטן על גבי תפוח גדול). The next three compartments are equal in size, each divided into a bottom section with an inscription and an upper section which contains a decoration. Each of these compartments are framed by two thin towers and decorated within by foliate scroll motifs and small circles. The first is inscribed "Antiochia" (אנטוכיא) and is decorated by a turret above an arch; the second is inscribed Zedad (צדדה) and the third is inscribed Ziphron (זפרון). To the left of these is a corner compartment with the inscription Hazar-enan (חצר עינן) written diagonally inside it.

The Eastern border is divided into 5 equal compartments. The first compartment is Sepham (שפמה) and decorated by a trefoil arch and the second is inscribed Riblah (רבלה) and decorated by an arch with a large rosette above it. The next three compartments illustrate bodies of water – the first one, inscribed "the side of the sea of Chinnereth eastward" (כתף ים כנרת/ קדמה) is decorated with wavy lines, the second, inscribed twice with "the Jordan" (הירדן) is decorated by double smaller wavy lines, and the "the Dead Sea" (ים המלח) is decorated by zig-zag lines. Above these are two smaller compartments, set in the center designated as the Land of Israel. The one on the right is inscribed Ayin (עין), the one in the middle "the sea of Cinnereth". The borderline which turns into the Southern border is diagonal and above it, in the center space designated as the Land of Israel is a small square compartment set in the right and inscribed "Ascent of Akrabbim" (מעלה עקרבים). 

The Southern border (on the top), is made up of two rectangle compartments, each decorated within by a trefoil arch and two small circles, inscribed (from right to left): Zin (צנה), Hazar-addar (חצר אדר). 

[1] מדרש תנחומא (בובר), פרשת חקת, סימן ל"ז; ילקוט שמעוני תורה, פרשת חקת, רמז תשס"ד; במדבר רבא (וילנא) פרשה י"ט

21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a