Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 25220 Hybrid Ashkenazi Mahzor , Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 21, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin, Franconia, Third quarter of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title Hybrid Ashkenazi Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 21, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Third quarter of the 13th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 21 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 21)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Joseph, sold to Ishmaelites (Gen. 37:28) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description



Fig. 1: Selling Joseph to the Ishmaelites

Formerly the second front or first back flyleaf woodcut in the Hybrid Ashkenazi Mahzor  BSB Cod.hebr. 21)

Munich, SGS Inv. Nr. 171524



Fig. 2: Selling Joseph to the Ishmaelites, woodcut

Stephen Fridolin, Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer

des Heils, fig. 14

Nuremberg, 1491

Munich, BSB Rar. 293, text, fols. 46v, 48r

 Formerly the second front or first back flyleaf of BSB, Cod.hebr. 21 (now SGS, Inv. Nr. 171524).        

Joseph wearing a short red garment and boots, is being pulled up from the well, probably by Judah who suggested selling him to the passing Ishmaelites, who are seen at the back with their two laden camels     (fig. 1). Behind the well a second brother, his left hand filled with coins, demands with his right index finger the last coin from a dignified merchant wearing a red hat and robe, and with a purse hanging from his belt. The other seven brothers of Joseph are looking on the right. They are wearing shepherd's cloths, boots and various headgear. In front of the well their herd of sheep is grazing. Framing the scene is an acanthus scroll inhabited by men with dogs hunting a bear, a deer and two monkeys.


21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Woodcut coloured with red, green, pink, yellow and brown.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 332 x 234 mm; without border: 249 x 178 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The text in the Schatzbehalter (BSB Rar. 293, fols. 46v, 48r), corresponding to this image (figs. 1, 2), belongs to the eleventh counter-design (Gegenwurf), which appears with the same title as above: No. 5 Alle Wirdigkeit hat Cristum bedeut. It deals with Christ’s dignity, prefigured in the firstborn persons of the Old Testament. In his text relating to this image (fig. 2), Fridolin discusses the matter of sale of the first-born in the Old and New Testaments. Since the first-born males belong to God (Num.18:15) and therefore to the priests, Christ was redeemed by being sold to his mother as seen in the thirteenth depiction (Redemption of the firstborn). Later, he was sold by Judas Iscariot and handed over to the priests. In the fourteenth depiction, of the sale of Joseph (Gen. 37:28), Fridolin compares the sale of Christ to that of Joseph, who was first sold by his brothers and then by the Midianites and Ishmaelites in Egypt. Christ, the son of God, born before all creatures, recalls Joseph, who was the actual firstborn son of the beloved Rachel and Jacob. Thus, according to Fridolin's reference (see his note 103) to the Sermon of Leo the Great Pascali sacramento, he is the prefiguration of Christ. 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Hernad 1990 B. Hernad (ed.), Die Graphiksammlung des Humanisten Hartmann Schedel, Munich 1990. Schramm 1934: A. Schramm, "Der Bilderschmuck der Frühdrucke, fortgeführt von der Kommission für den Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke", vol. 17, Leipzig 1934. Schreiber 1969 W. L. Schreiber, Handbuch der Holz- und Metallschnitte des XV. Jahrhunderts, vol. 10/2, Leipzig 1969. Stadler 1913 F. J. Stadler, Michael Wolgemut und der Nürnberger Holzschnitt im letzten Drittel des XV. Jahrhunderts, Strasbourg 1913.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a