Under Reconstruction!


(VII) Img. ID: 25212 Hybrid Ashkenazi Mahzor , Fol. 191a, Franconia, Third quarter of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document

2 Name/Title Hybrid Ashkenazi Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 191a
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Third quarter of the 13th century
5a Activity Dates
5b Reconstruction Dates
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 21 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 21)
9a Documentation / Research project Unknown
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Franconian scribal art of the 13th century|
13 Iconographical Subject Gates of Mercy
Fish |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 191(a) by Illuminator E: The first benediction before the morning Shema prayer of the Day of Atonement is divided into two columns, each enclosed within an arch alluding to the gate of mercy mentioned in the benediction (Shaarei rahamim). Half a fleur-de-lis decorates the outer side of the arches while between them is a star surrounded by three roundels. The right gate is attached below to the panel for the initial word Then אז), Az) opening the yozer for the morning service for the Day of Atonement (Davidson 1924–1933, א 2106). The panel is decorated with a fish, a bird's head and floral motifs. The letters and the arches show vestiges of silver on a brown ground.

An open gate illustrating the same benediction appears in other Ashkenazi mahzorim from the same period, for example a mahzor probably fromBamberg(fig. 1), albeit of a different shape. 

For similar decoration by Illuminator E, see fols. 123, 189, 213v, 218, 239v, 250, 270v.


Fig. 1: Gate of Mercy


Bamberg? 1279

New York, JTS Mic. 4843, fol. 106v

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)



21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Spared-ground technique, dark brown ink, red, yellow and vestiges of silver on a brown ground.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors
25k Construction Material

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements 54 x 125 mm.
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a